In the name of Allāh,
the Beneficent, the Merciful.
Peace and Blessings of Allāh on Mohammad.
Allāh–the Glorious and the High,
Lord of the worlds
Mohammad–who brought the world
to our feet and eternity to our arms.

Surely I am Allāh, there is no

God but I, so serve Me, and keep up
prayer for My remembrance;”
“And We sent no messenger before
thee (Mohammad) but We revealed to him
that there is no God but Me, so serve Me”
(Qur’an 20:14; 21:25; 23:32).

If Allah is Hubal and Molech and a pagan moon-God as Christians and others have postulated, then this Hubal and Molech and pagan moon-God has given to the world the best Book in Scriptural history. For the Qur’an  contains teachings of past Scriptures and also has teachings not met with in other Scriptures. Thus, the Qur’an consists of, exceeds, and supersedes all other Scriptures.
Moreover, given that to suffer/punish someone else for your satisfaction is sadism, the Christian doctrine of original/inherited sin and vicarious atonement is sadistic. Thus, in contrast to Hubal and Molech and pagan moon-God and Allāh Who forgives ALL sins unconditionally, the Christians’ God, needing the satisfaction of Jesus’ blood to forgive sins, is a sadist.
NB: The God of Moses and of Jesus Who revealed Divine Unity and self-responsibility for sin(s) is NOT the God of Christians. The Christians’ God, Whoever He is, is the God of 
Trinity, original/inherited sin and vicarious atonement.

“Allah, according to the most correct of the opinions respecting it, is a proper name applied to the Being Who exists necessarily by Himself, comprising all the attributes of perfection (T-LL), the al being inseparable from it, not derived (Msb-LL). Al-ilah is a different word, and Allah is not a contraction of al-ilah. The word Allah is not applied to any being except the only true God, and comprises all the excellent names, and the Arabs never gave the name Allah to any of their numerous idols.” 1

That Allāh and the God of the Bible are the same (though Islam does not accept all of the teachings of the Bible), Professor Abdul Ahad Dawud B.D. –“the former Reverend David Benjamin Keldani, B.D., a Roman Catholic priest of the Uniate-Chaldean sect”– explains in his book, Muhammad in the Bible:
“If the Christian priests and theologians knew their Scriptures in the original Hebrew instead of in translations as the Muslims read their Qur-an in its Arabic text, they would clearly see that Allāh is the same ancient Semitic name of the Supreme Being who revealed and spoke to Adam and all the prophets.” 2
Since Allah “is the same ancient Semitic name of the Supreme Being,” it cannot be a name that was originated by “heathen Arabs,” when this name predates the “heathen Arabs” to Adam.

Allāh and Hubal: Muhammad Ali explained: “It should be further borne in mind that the idolaters did not deny the existence of God the Supreme, Whom they believed to be above their idols, who were recognized only as minor deities.”–(Muhammad Ali, comm. Qur’an 53:62).
This belief in the Supreme Lord by the pagan Arabs was evident upon Abraha’s invasion of Makkah in the year 570 to destroy the Ka’ba. “Unable to defend the Holy House against the huge army, ‘Abd al-Muttalib thus prayed aloud, leaning upon the door of the Ka’bah (he did not pray to any of the statues): “Defend, O Lord, Thine own House! and suffer not the cross to triumph over the Ka’bah” (Zurqani)”–(M.Ali, comm. Qur’an 105:1).
Thus, if to the pagan Arabs “Hubal” is the same as Allah, then this idolater, ‘Abd al-Muttalib was calling on Allah, the Lord of the worlds, to defend His First, Sacred and only House of worship that He has established for all men.
However, Muhammad Ali notes, “Hubal, the chief Arab idol in the Ka’bah, “was brought from Belka in Syria into Arabia by ‘Amr ibn Lohay, pretending that it would procure them rain when they wanted it” (Sale’s Preliminary Discourse, sec. 1)”–(comm. Qur’an 71:23).

Allāh and Molech:  Islam teaches that Allah has ninety-nine names plus the crowning name “Allah” which gives one hundred names. One of these names of Allah is “Malik” -Master.
Qur’an 43:77 refers to the keeper of Hell as Malik. One critic claims that the Qur’an’s “Malik” is obviously a corruption of the Fire God Molech, mentioned in Leviticus, I Kings, and Jeremiah.
Since Allah “is the same ancient Semitic name of the Supreme Being,” Allāh/Malik cannot be a name that was originated by “heathen Arabs,” when Allāh/Malik predates the “heathen Arabs” to Adam.
Malik, in reference to Allah is not to be confused with Molech, “the fire God,” of the Bible–(Leviticus 18:21; 20:2-5).
As Allah is the God of all the worlds, He is also the God of the prophets and of the people of Israel. In the verses of Leviticus, noted above, the people of Israel are instructed by God to keep their offspring from “the fire to Molech.”
This clearly shows that Molech is an other than God.  If Malik and Molech were the one and same being, it would seem senseless for God to instruct the Israelites to avoid Molech.
Molech’s identity is unknown. He was associated with child sacrifice.

Significantly, whereas Malik means Master; in Qur’an 43:77, as the verse clearly shows,  Malik is used in a secondary sense to the angel who is keeper over Hell: “And they (inmates of hell) cry: O Malik, let thy Lord (Allah) make an end of us.  He will say : You shall stay (here).”
Whereas devotees of God claim that we all follow the same God, what is significant is one’s concept of God. The Islamic concept of God is stated succinctly and unambiguously in Qur’an 112:1-4: “Say: He, Allah, is One. Allah, the Eternal, Absolute. He begets not, nor is He begotten; And there is none like Him.”

What is to be borne in mind is that Darwin’s presentation on Evolution is only a “theory” it is not fact.

The Toronto Star, Sunday April 4, 1999, Section C (p. 2), notes in its article “Behold the new god: science” that in 1953 “Stanley Miller passed an electrical charge, a simulation of lightning, through a mixture of chemicals that attempted to match those present on Earth at the time life is thought to have begun. Amino acids, the basic elements of life, were formed. This, it seemed, demonstrated that life could emerge from basic chemistry.” (Surely, this “mixture of chemicals” that were “present on Earth at the time life is thought to have begun,” must still be around; meaning that there are still such creatures evolving, though there does not seem be any evidence of this).

If life came through evolution rather than creation, what is the source of this “mixture of chemicals” at the beginning?  How did it combine in the wild (as opposed to in a lab) in such sufficient proportion to produce this “basic elements of life?” And what are the odds of lightning striking this mixture to begin life?
If Evolution can produce a universe of immensity, beauty and order and produce beings of symmetry and precision then surely a Creator can produce more.

Regarding certain verses (on science) of the Qur’an, Maurice Bucaille states in his book The Bible, The Qur’an and Science states: “It was not until much later, at a period not far from our own, that it was possible to translate and interpret them correctly. This implies that a thorough linguistic knowledge is not in itself sufficient to understand these verses from the Qur’an. What is needed along with this is a highly diversified knowledge of science.” (p.121).
Allāh invites the skeptics: “And if you are in doubt as to that which We have revealed to Our servant (Mohammad), then produce a chapter like it and call on your helpers besides Allāh if you are truthful”–(Qur’an 2:23; 10:38; 11:13).

As a religion from God is to reflect our service to Him. A Book from God should possess a quality beyond man’s ability to imitate. With its prophecies, scientific pronouncements and inimitability Allāh has proven His existence through His Qur’an.

In Islam Creation is not opposed to Evolution. A thousand years before Darwin, Allāh God revealed to us in His Qur’an that He created every living thing from water–(Qur’an 21:30; 24:45. It has taken sophisticated man more than a thousand years to discover this, one of the many truths, conveyed to us by a desert inhabitant. Yet some deny the Divinity of the Qur’an  and call Mohammad an “impostor”).

Khwaja Kamal-ud-Din wrote:
“A century before (i.e. the 19th century) Biology took the universe as a freak of Nature which in her works, as the then atheistic belief went, observed no order or system. But to-day the rule of the Law has been admitted on all hands. Everything in the world appears to have been enchained by the Law. It follows it implicitly–(Qur’an 3:82).
Nature discloses regularity, precision, punctuality, knowledge, power, command, intellect, preordination, prearrangement, precaution, and several other features that are the possessions of the mind exclusively. In their presence the universe cannot be taken as the outcome of accident. It needs an intelligent Design to precede the process of its creation.
The word design sometimes used to bore minds with sceptic tendencies, but it has become now widened in its connotation. It brings within it so many facts and figures recently discovered by Science that disbelief in God would amount to ignorance.
But how wonderful of the Holy Qur’an to anticipate, in its pages, all that Science advances to substantiate her belief in Divine Existence!  It in itself is an extra-cogent reason, firstly, to believe in an Omniscient Being and, secondly, as to the Divine Origin of the Book itself.

The Holy Book–(Qur’an), though teeming with reasons on the subject, adopts also another novel but laconic method to explain its verities. It gives us a list of Divine Attributes which in their signification also imply the best of logic needed to prove all Qur’anic tenets.
Here I would give some such Holy Names as work everywhere in Nature, and also strongly refer to the Existence of the Mind who created the universe. I have already explained Al-Rabb.
This includes: –Al-Badi’ –He who creates out of nothing. Al-Bari –He who originates things with various faculties in them. (Khwaja explains seventeen (17) other Attributes of Allāh, including) Al-Khaliq–He who combines things in a given proportion to create new things.”
“These Attributes refer to various functions of the Mind that are observed even in the creation of a single thing.…If the world made no progress in material civilization till the appearance of Islam, and if their then success owed its very existence to certain truths revealed in the Qur’an, how can they minimize the importance of Religion?
On the other hand, I would ask the rest of the religious world to ponder over these facts. Is it worth while to follow any religious system in these days of culture and progress, if their respective revelations do not invite our attention to the essentially necessary things in life?3

Khwaja kamal-ud-Din explains: “The principle of evolution was taught to the world for the first time in Islam. Four of the ninety-nine Names of Allāh, God, are:
(1) Rabb–“the Originator of things and their Combiner to create new forms. It means the Law-giver, Who frames Laws under which He propounds the shapes which things must assume and the ratio and proportion in which various ingredients must combine with each other. He is the Regularizer, i.e., the Lord Who puts things on the way to perfection. He is the Arranger of the different stages through which they have to pass on their way to completion.” (Ref. Qur’an 87:1-3; 25:2; 54:49).
(2)  Al-Badi’–He Who creates out of nothing;
(3) Al-Bari–He Who originates things with various faculties in them;
(4) Al-Khaliq–He Who combines things in a given proportion to create new things.” -(Introduction to the Study of the Holy Qur’an, pp. 25-26).

And Muhammad Ali explains: The Arabic word Rabb which is generally taken as Lord, “conveys not only the idea of fostering, bringing-up, or nourishing, but also that of regulating, completing and  accomplishing (T-LL), i.e. of the evolution of things from the crudest state to that of the highest perfection. According to R,   Rabb signifies the fostering of a thing in such a manner as to make it attain one condition after another until it reaches its goal of completion. Hence Rabb is the Author of all existence, Who has not only given to the whole creation its means of nourishment but has also beforehand ordained for each a sphere of capacity and within that sphere provided the means by which it continues to attain gradually to its goal of perfection. By the use of the word Rabb the Holy Qur’an thus hints at the law of evolution which is working in the universe.”-(Muhammad Ali;  comm.  Qur’an 1:1).

Belief in Allāh means: Allāh is One and Only; the Eternal, Absolute; on Whom all depend; He begets not; nor is begotten; there is none like Him; He incarnates not; has no “chosen people” to the exclusion of others; needs no “satisfaction” to forgive sins; belief in all His Angels; Books; Prophets; Resurrection; Judgment; Heaven and Hell.
While we are to believe in all His Scriptures, Allāh, God, has informed us what not to believe, such as: polytheism, idolatry, partnership with God, Trinity, sonship of God, inherited sin, vicarious atonement, karma, and reincarnation.

Faith does not mean acceptance of Allāh without proof of His existence. Allāh has proven His existence through the Qur’an. The Qur’an makes scientific pronouncements, prophecies and gives insights to the Doomsday. Maurice Bucaille on the Prophet Mohammad and the Qur’an:

“How could a man, from being illiterate, become the most important author, in terms of literary merit, in the whole of Arabic literature? How could he then pronounce truths of a scientific nature that no other human being could possibly have developed at the time, and all this without once making the slightest error in his pronouncements on the subject?”
“In view of the level of knowledge in Muhammad’s day, it is inconceivable that many of the statements in the Qur’an which are connected with science could have been the work of a man. It is, moreover, perfectly legitimate, not only to regard the Qur’an as the expression of a Revelation, but also to award it a very special place, on account of the guarantee of authenticity it provides and the presence in it of scientific statements which, when studied today, appear as a challenge to explanation in human terms.”4 (See Qur’an-propheciesQur’an-science).

While a worshipper’s action should reflect his belief in God, even an atheist, who may be devoted to his disbelief in God, can produce actions similar to that of a believer in God –honor trusts, give justice, love, etc;. One does not have to hold a belief in God to produce actions that are in accordance with a belief in God.

However, while the action of a devotee of God should reflect his belief, it is also equally important that the object of his worship be one according to reason. Reason would dictate that, since there is one law operating in the heavens and in the earth there can only be one God.
How eloquently Allāh, God, has given us the arguments in the Qur’an for the existence of One God.  He asks us to reason:

  1. If there were other gods with Allah then the idolaters with the help of these other gods would have been able to seek a way to the Lord of the Throne–(Qur’an 17:42).
  2. If there were other gods besides Allah governing the heavens and the earth wouldn’t there be confusion in them–(21:22).
  3. If there were other gods with Allāh then each would have taken away what he created, and some of them would have seek to dominate others–(23:91).

If there were other Gods besides Allāh it would be expected that they would send their messengers with their own revelations. C. Rajagopalachari states in his Ramayana:
“Viswaamitra was a king who attained sainthood through terrible austerities. He had long ago exhibited his spiritual powers by starting to create another Brahma and a rival uni-verse: he had gone as far as the creation of new constel-lations, but was prevailed upon to stop by the entreaties of the alarmed gods.” (p. 19).
Imagine polytheism with its multiple gods. Imagine half a’ dozen disgruntled or ambitious gods each creating his own “rival universe.”

-Allāh is the Lord (Creator, Nourisher, and Sustainer) of the worlds; the Beneficent and the Merciful; the Master–(Qur’an 1:1-3).

-Allāh is the Ever-living, the Self-subsisting, the Most High, the Great–(Qur’an 2:255).

-Allāh is the Knower of the mystery and the secrets of the heavens and the earth–(Qur’an 25:6; 49:18).

-Allāh is the First and the Last and the Manifest and the Hidden–(Qur’an 57:3); Muhammad Ali notes: “The Holy Prophet has thus explained the four attributes of the Divine Being mentioned here: “Thou art the First, so that there was nothing before Thee, Thou art the Last, so that there is nothing after Thee, and Thou art the Manifest, or the Ascendant over all, so that there is nothing above Thee, and Thou art the Hidden, the Knower of the Hidden things, so that there is nothing hidden from Thee–Muslim 48:13).

Say: He, Allah, is One.
Allah, the Eternal, Absolute.
He begets not, nor is He begotten;
And there is none like Him.
(Qur’an 112:1-4)

Allāh, God, is One i.e. He is not One in a Trinity –whether it be the Hindu Trinity of Brahma, Vishnu, and Shiva, the Christian Trinity of Father, Son, and Holy Ghost, or the Pagan Trinity of Juno, Jupiter, and Minerva– nor is He One in a Duality –as in the Zoroastrian’s God of darkness and all things evil, and God of light and all things good– nor is Allāh, God, One in a polytheism. And He is One in attributes –there is no other existence with attributes as He.

Allāh God is Eternal, Absolute, i.e. He never dies nor can be killed. As a son is the successor of his father, and as Allāh, God, is eternal He does not need a son to succeed Him. To say that God has a son, or that He needs a son, is to say that He is not eternal (and needs someone to succeed Him).
Allāh God is not dependent on anyone, but all are dependent upon Him. Allāh, God, is Absolute, i.e. there was none before Him, and there is none after Him.

Allah God begets not, i.e. being One and Only, the First and Creator of all and thus could not have a consort, He begets not.
Fatherhood (begetting) requires the joining of sperm with ovum. Apart from Mary not being the consort of God, “God is a Spirit” –(John 4:24). Spirit cannot bear parental relations with mortal, who is flesh and blood.
The belief that Jesus was born through a miracle does not make him son of God. Adam and Eve had neither mother nor father; and Melchisedec had neither mother nor father nor beginning nor end–(Heb. 7:1-3).
That God can do anything is no argument (God cannot create His mother). This is not a question about God creating an item; it is a matter of God having a relation.
Whereas God has the power to create an object, He could not have a mother/father as He is ‘un-born’ and is the First and the Creator of all. Mary was not the consort of God so that her son, Jesus, could be son of God.
Scientists who clone animals are not fathers of these clones; clones are not children of these scientists. If Jesus is son of God because he is said to be “fatherless” and of “virgin” birth, human clones who would be “fatherless” and even of “virgin” birth would also be sons/daughters of God.
Son of God as Allāh God reveals and as research has uncovered, is a remnant of Paganism–(Qur’an 9:30. Khwaja Kamal-ud-Din has detailed the pagan nature of Christianity in his revealing book, The (pagan) Sources Of Christianity).

Allāh, God, is not begotten, i.e. Being the First and Creator of all and thus having no mother and father, He is not born. A woman created by God cannot be the mother of God. God cannot be son of a woman.

There is none like Allāh, God, i.e. being First and Last,  Evident and Immanent and one in attributes there is none like Him; being Omnipotent, Omniscient and Omnipresent He incarnates not; being Just He has no “chosen people” to the exclusion of others; being Beneficent and Merciful He needs no ‘blood sacrifice’ to forgive sins; and does not give to every action an equal and opposite reaction –He forgives sins altogether or He requites evil with its like; and He rewards good up to seven hundredfold–(Qur’an 39:53; 6:160; 2:261. Bokhari Vol. 1; ch. 32, #40).

The Prophet Mohammad is reported to have said that Allāh, God, said that I loved that I should be known, so I created man. Allāh God created us to serve Him–(Qur’an 51:56). Service to humanity is service to God. “If you wish to love your God, love His creatures,” says the Prophet Mohammad.5
(Thus, even atheists who serve humanity serve Allāh, though they do not believe in Him. But this service does not afford them Paradise. For, as Islam teaches, righteousness is dependent not on good acts alone, or on faith alone, but on both belief in Allāh and on good deeds.)

To make us aware that He is the Creator of all things, the Vanquisher of all things, that man is created to serve Him, and that there is a Day of Judgment when we must answer for our wrongdoings, Allah raised messengers among all nations to instruct us. These messengers were given one common message: “And We sent no messenger before thee (Mohammad) but We revealed to him that there is no God but Me, so serve Me”–(Qur’an 21:25).
Thus Allāh is known by a name according to the language of the people -some of which are Eli, the name to which Jesus called out from the “cross’; and Ishwar of Hinduism- (though “Jehovah” is not a scriptural name of God; JEHOVAH DOES NOT EXIST).
(While there is only one God, what is critical is one’s concept of God -heaven lies in following clearly expressed Divine doctrines; not in following human assumptions and inventions).

And that since humans are the recipients of Allāh’s, God’s, message –and as only man can be a model for man : God in the form of man is still God (an ape regardless of whatever cosmetic surgery is still an ape)– then all these messengers/prophets were humans–(Qur’an 17:95; 21:7-8; 42:51).

However, through the passage of time Divine Revelation lost its purity: “By Allah! We certainly sent (messengers) to nations before thee (Mohammad), but the devil made their deeds fair-seeming to them.”–(Qur’an 16:63). Khwaja Kamal-ud-Din points out in his Open Letters To The Bishops of Salisbury And London: “The whole world was a world of fetish worshippers at the appearance of Islam. From an eggshell to the man-worship of Christianity and Hinduism, the adoration that should go to God went to His creatures.” (p. 17).

And in his book Muhammad in World Scriptures, Vol. 1. Abdul Haque Vidyarthi notes:
“The condition in which the sacred scriptures of the world are found today, is really a harried one. These are, no doubt, the relics of those great Books that were given to the prophets of yore. No scripture of any religion was to be found in its original form and pristine purity at the time of the Holy Prophet’s (Mohammad) advent, nor is one found today. Such books, therefore, cannot prove the truth of religion, nay, their own prophets stand in need of vindication. A number of suspicions and misgivings have sprung up about the prophets, Zoroaster, Abraham, Krishna and Christ so much so that they are being looked upon as mere fictitious persons.” (p. 6).
“Religious scriptures underwent vicissitudes and had dark ages upon them, that their very contents and their existence became suspected. It was in this obscurity that the Vedas grew from one into four, and then from four to as many as 1131, there is a verse in Maha Bhashya which explains that there are one hundred and one shoots of Yajur-veda, one thousand of Sama-veda, twenty-one kinds of Rig-veda and nine of Atharva-veda.
In these days we can see a dozen vedas published, in fact, which throws light on their vicissitudes.
The Masorah and Septuagint versions of the old Testament, the different authorized editions of the Sadducees and Pharisees, the apocryphal literature believed as part of inspired scriptures by some sects and rejected by others, the different versions of apocryphal Gospels, prove the credibility of the fact that no religious scripture was kept intact or properly maintained or committed to memory in the life-time of the prophet to whom it was revealed.”–(pp. 314-315).

Not only are religious Books not in their pristine purity. Cardinal doctrines of religions contradict one another:
-Hinduism teaches Karma and Reincarnation
-Christianity teaches Trinity, inherited sin and vicarious atonement
Islam teaches Unity of Allāh God, Prayer, Zakaat/Charity, Fasting, and Hajj .

The Prophet Mohammad is reported to have said that it is written over the Throne of Allāh, ‘My Mercy precedes My anger’–(Bokhari Vol. 9, #518).

Allāh says He created man to have mercy on him–(Qur’an 11:119); He has ordained mercy on Himself–(Qur’an 6:12, 54); And “My mercy encompasses all things”–(Qur’an 7:156). Muhammad Ali points out:
“No attribute of the Divine Being receives such prominence in the Holy Qur’an as the attribute of mercy. Evil there is in the world, and the evil-doers must receive their due, but mark the contrast: And My mercy encompasses all things.  The truth is that even chastisement is a phase of Divine mercy, because it seeks not to punish, but to correct the evil doer.” (comm. # 949a)

“Whoever brings a good will have tenfold like it, and whoever brings an evil deed, will be recompensed only with the like of it, and they shall not be wronged.”-(Qur’an 6:160).
“No other sacred book gives such prominence to the preponderance of the quality of mercy in the Divine Being. While evil must have its evil consequence, it is only its like, but virtue brings a tenfold reward. According to a saying of the Holy Prophet, evil is pardoned or recompensed with its like, while good brings from a tenfold to a seven-hundred-fold reward (Bukhari 81:33). Thus the verse mentions only the maximum punishment of evil and the minimum reward of good.” (M. Ali, comm. 849).

However, according to Christian belief, God cannot forgive sins without “receiving some satisfaction,” hence the sacrifice of his “only begotten son.” Muhammad Ali points out:
(Like the Arabs of early Islam) “The Christians also do not recognize Allāh to be Rahman (Beneficent), because it means Allāh shows mercy to His creatures without their having done anything to deserve it, while the Christian doctrine of atonement is based on the belief that Allāh cannot show mercy to His creatures without receiving some satisfaction.” (comm. # 1476).
Any religion whose God “cannot show mercy to His creatures without receiving some satisfaction” could not be more merciful than, or superior to, or equal with, Islam, where Allāh forgives without such a need.

Allāh God also invites us to forgive us our sins–(Qur’an 14:10). And He implores us in loving, compassionate terms through His illustrious Prophet and mercy to the world, Mohammad, to convey to us:
“Say: O My servants who have sinned against their souls, despair not of the mercy of Allāh, surely Allāh forgives all sins. Verily, He is Most Forgiving. Ever Merciful”-(Qur’an 39:53).

As noted, Allāh raised prophets among all people and gave them rites and ceremonies. These prophets prior to Mohammad were national prophets and their teachings were restricted to their respective people and were for a limited time. Neither of these prophets gave the name of a religion to follow nor claimed to be the last prophet to come. That is because while the teachings were adequate for these individual people; man’s religion was not yet perfected and God’s favor to man was not completed.

Moses and Jesus clearly spoke of another teacher to come. Moses spoke of the coming of another prophet like him; and Jesus foretold the coming of another Comforter who will give “all truth” and will “abide for ever” and whom all are to follow. (As another prophet will come with “all truth” and will “abide for ever” then the Bible devoid of ‘all truth is OBSOLETE and Jesus not giving “all truth” and will not “abide for ever” JESUS IS REDUNDANT though he is to be honored.

The Prophet Mohammad came both, to the Arabs who until then had not received a prophet, and to all mankind. To unite us under one Divine Message –the Qur’an.Through Mohammad, Allah’s favor to man was completed and man’s religion perfected: “This day have I perfected for you your religion and completed My favour to you and chosen for you Islam as a religion”–Qur’an 5:3).

The Qur’an contains the teachings of previous scriptures that are applicable for all time, and contains teachings that are not met  with in past scriptures: thus the Qur’an consists of, exceeds, and supersedes all scriptures: “(Mohammad) A Messenger from Allāh, reciting pure pages, Wherein are (all) right books”–Qur’an 98:2-3).

The Divine truth is “There is no God but Allāh; Mohammad is the Messenger of Allāh!”

1. Muhammad Ali, comm. Qur’an chapter one.
T-LL=Taj a’Arus (Dictionary); Arabic English Lexicon by Edward William Lane.
Msh-LL=Mishkat Masabih (Hadith); Arabic English Lexicon by Edward William Lane.

2. Prof. ‘Abdul Ahad Dawud, Muhammad in the Bible, pp. 12-13.

3. Khwaja Kamal-ud-Din, Introduction to The Study of The Holy Qur’an, pp. 29-31.  (Highlight added).

4. The Bible, The Qur’an and Science, pp. 125, 251-252. (Emphasis added).

5. Khwaja Kamal-ud-Din, The Sources of Christianity, p. 92.