In the Name of Allāh
The Beneficent, The Merciful.
Glory be to Allāh!
Praise be to Allāh!
Allāh is Great!
Peace, and mercy and blessings of Allāh be
unto all His prophets.
Allāh–the Glorious and the High,
Lord of the worlds
Mohammad–who brought the world
to our feet and eternity to our arms.
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Reason dictates that since no one can take food to alleviate my hunger, drink to alleviate my thirst, medication to cure my illness and laxative to free my constipation –VICARIOUS REFRESHMENT. Then no one can die to free me of my sin(s); and so says God:
“The fathers shall NOT be put to death for the children, NEITHER shall the children be put to death for the fathers: EVERY MAN SHALL BE PUT TO DEATH FOR HIS OWN SIN”–(Deuteronomy 24:16; Ezekiel 18:20).
Muslims who convert to Christianity believing they are going to Christ (and In Islam they are already with Christ) are deluded, they are NOT going to Christ; they are going to the CHURCH. Jesus Christ is only a FIGURE-HEAD in the Church. Jesus was Muslim and taught Islam.
Since we govern our material life by reason and facts/truth, it is expected that a devotee of God govern his/her spiritual life also by reason and facts/truth. And such is the case. As God and Jesus require adherents of the Bible:
-“Come now, and let us REASON together, saith the Lord: though your sins be as scarlet, they shall be as white as snow; though they be red like crimson, they shall be as wool”–(Isaiah 1:18. Compare with Qur’an 16:125, “Call to the way of thy Lord with wisdom and goodly exhortation, and argue with them in the best manner”).
-“And ye shall know the truth, and the truth shall make you free (from lies and falsehood)–(John 8:32).
It is also reasonable that as God wants us to avoid Hell and have a life in Heaven, He would give clear teachings of what to follow and what to avoid.
Whereas Jesus unambiguously, categorically and emphatically declared that GOD sent him only for Jews, that he prayed only for Jews, and considered non-Jews “dogs” and ‘swine” and preached in parables to keep these human “dogs” and ‘swine” out of heaven. And he taught that eternal life lies in observance of the Mosaic Law until the arrival of the Comforter who will guide them into “ALL TRUTH” and will “ABIDE FOR EVER.”
(As the Comforter will give ‘all truth” and “abide for ever” the Bible, devoid of “all truth,” is OBSOLETE; and as Jesus did not give “all truth” and will not “abide for ever” JESUS IS REDUNDANT; NO ONE NEEDS JESUS). Jesus is no longer the only name, and way, life, truth and resurrection; THE COMFORTER MOHAMMAD IS NOW is the only name, the way, the life, the truth, and the resurrection for all people).
- The Church/Christians put God into the belly of a woman He created, brought God out her vagina; had God suck the woman’s “paps,” had Jews circumcised God’s foreskin (God forbid!) had God answer the calls of nature (urinate/pee and defecate/poo like humans and dogs and cats, etc;) pinned God in diapers and made God in need to be cleaned and fed like a baby. Making Adam and Eve and Melchisedec who were not born cleaner than God)–Trinity
(If Father (God) Son (Jesus) and Holy Ghost/Spirit are one, then Jesus effected his own conception and with his mother–Jesus-had s-x with his mother. God forbid! No wonder some Christians view Trinity as being from “satan”).
Any wonder then that Allāh has admonished Christians about the gravity of Trinity:
-“O People of the Book, exceed not the limits in your religion nor speak anything about Allāh, but the truth. The Messiah, Jesus, son of Mary, is only a messenger of Allāh and His word which He communicated to Mary and a mercy from Him. So believe in Allāh and His messengers. And say not, Three (Trinity). Desist, it is better for you. Allāh is only one God. Far be it from His glory to have a son. To Him belongs whatever is in the heavens and whatever is in the earth. And sufficient is Allāh as having charge of affairs” –Qur’an 4:171);
-“The Messiah, son of Mary, was only a messenger; messengers before him had indeed passed away. And his mother was a truthful woman. They both used to eat food. See how We make the messages clear to them! then behold, how they are turned away!”–(Qur’an 5:75).
Paul, who knows more than Christians and whom Christians follow, also made it clear that Jesus was only human:
-“Ye men of Israel, hear these words; Jesus of Nazareth, a MAN approved of God among you by miracles and wonders and signs, which GOD DID by him in the midst of you, as ye yourselves also know” –(Acts 2:22).
-“Therefore (David) being a prophet, and knowing that God had sworn with an oath to him, that of the FRUIT OF HIS LOINS, ACCORDING TO THE FLESH, he would raise up Christ to sit on his throne”–(Acts 2:30);
-“Concerning his Son Jesus Christ…which was made of the SEED OF DAVID ACCORDING TO THE FLESH”–(Romans 1:3);
-“Remember that Jesus Christ of the SEED OF DAVID”–(2 Timothy 2:8). And “seed” is sperm, and “according to the flesh” is male-female union: sexual intercourse.
It is the Church/Christians who gave Jesus “virgin” birth and made Jesus into “more than man;” from the mouth/pen of the Christian Father, Justin Martyr, responding to the Pagans:
“By declaring the Logos, the first begotten of God, Our Master Jesus, to be born of a virgin, without any human mixture, we (Christians) say no more in this than what you (Pagans) say of those whom you style the sons of Jove. For you need not be told what a parcel of sons the writers most in vogue among you assign to Jove.….As to the Son of God, called Jesus, should we allow him to be no more than man.” (For full quote see Jesus-had s-x with his mother).
Trinity was invented/assumed by the Church three hundred years AFTER Jesus. Hindus have Trinity –Brahma, Vishnu and Shiva– and Pagan Romans had Trinity –Juno, Jupiter and Minerva. And both preceded the Christian Trinity.
Since God is Omnipresent, Omniscient and Omnipotent He has no need to take form(s) to go anyplace or to gain any knowledge or to accomplish any purpose.
- The Church/Christians attribute gross injustice to their God. That God loads Adam’s sin onto billions of innocent, helpless and morally and mentally non-competent babies; and worldwide and for more than 5,000 years now and will continue to do so to the Resurrection– inherited sin.
(If “A” breaks Joe’s window will it be fair and just for the cops to lay charge for the crime on “B”? NO! Clearly, the God that puts Adam’s sin onto the innocent is not worthy of adoration).
Since children inherit from both parents, Jesus also would have inherited sin. From his mother; who would have inherited sin from her father and pass it on to Jesus.
To say that God puts one person’s sin onto another person is to deny God His attribute of Justice.
- The Church/Christians attribute more injustice to their God and make Him complicit in murder. That God loaded everyone’s sin inherited from Adam onto Jesus and had Jesus killed for this sin–vicarious atonement (Jesus-inherited sin to ascension). (Not even honest human leaders execute John for Peter’s crime).
Since woman/Eve is/was the transgressor, we should inherit sin through woman; and God should have sent His only “begotten” daughter to be scapegoat/ killed for this so-called inherited sin.
HEAVEN LIES IN FOLLOWING DIVINE REVELATION NOT IN FOLLOWING HUMAN ASSUMPTIONS AND INVENTIONS.
Inherited sin and vicarious atonement were devised by the man Christians haloed as “Saint,” Paul –a self-admitted liar, who forged his own gospel and made himself into a human chameleon to snare people into following his teachings. Maurice Bucaille states in his book The Bible The Qur’an And Science, pp. 52-53. Caps, emphasis/color added).
“PAUL IS THE MOST CONTROVERSIAL FIGURE IN CHRISTIANITY. HE WAS CONSIDERED TO BE A TRAITOR TO JESUS’S THOUGHT BY THE LATTER’S FAMILY AND BY THE APOSTLES WHO HAD STAYED IN JERUSALEM IN THE CIRCLE AROUND JAMES. PAUL CREATED CHRISTIANITY AT THE EXPENSE OF THOSE WHOM JESUS HAD GATHERED AROUND HIM TO SPREAD HIS TEACHINGS. (While others ‘combated’ Paul’s writings) PAUL’S STYLE OF CHRISTIANITY WON THROUGH DEFINITIVELY, AND CREATED ITS OWN COLLECTION OF OFFICIAL TEXTS. THESE TEXTS CONSTITUTED THE ‘CANON’ WHICH CONDEMNED AND EXCLUDED AS UNORTHODOX ANY OTHER DOCUMENTS THAT WERE NOT SUITED TO THE LINE ADOPTED BY THE CHURCH.”
To say that God needs some satisfaction (the blood of man/Jesus) in order to forgive sinners is to deny God His attribute of Mercy and Grace.
In contrast to the Christian God who needs ‘satisfaction” to forgive sins, Allāh revealed to the Prophet Mohammad to convey to mankind:
“Say, O My servants who have sinned against their souls, despair not of the mercy of Allāh; surely Allāh forgives all sins. Verily, He is Most Forgiving, Ever Merciful.”–(Qur’an 39:53).
Imagine the expanse of love and mercy and compassion of Allāh Who needs nothing from us to implore us in such loving compassionate terms to forgive us our sins. And without need for some “satisfaction.” Welcome to Allāh, Lord of all the worlds!
Trinity, inherited sin and vicarious atonement are not only “God-dishonouring” assertions, they are monumental and grotesque ascriptions to God that can only lead to Hell-Fire.
What were the Christian Fathers thinking when they forged and hung these unholy necklaces onto His Holy Majesty? And what is the Church/Christians doing propagating these spiritual abominations?
Only the uneducated and the unthinking and the revellers in blind faith would subscribe or adhere to these blasphemies that make them fuel for the Fire. As Jesus says:
“Verily I say unto you, All sins shall be forgiven unto the sons of men, and blasphemies wherewith soever they shall blaspheme: But he that shall blaspheme against the Holy Ghost hath never forgiveness, but is in danger of eternal damnation”–(Mark 3:28-29).
And “eternal damnation” is Hell which, as Jesus says, is the “furnace of fire” the “everlasting fire” that “never shall be quenched” in which there shall be “wailing and gnashing of teeth” (those who do not have teeth shall bear it on their gums).
Jesus is in only “CALLED” Son of God. God has legions of sons. Sons of God even came to earth and had sex with human daughters–(Genesis 6:1-4. Seems there are no women in the Christian heaven or they are not “fair” enough).
And: “But as many as received him (Jesus), to them gave he power to become the sons of God, even to them that believe on his name”–(John 1:12. What do women receivers/believers become? Seems Jesus does not care for the women. Perhaps because they “defile” men–Revelation 14:1-4).
Thus, all the Muslim men who accept Jesus as he taught –that he was sent only for Jews and foretold the coming of the Comforter (Mohammad)– are “Sons of God.”
As Christians follow the unGodly human assumptions, Trinity, inherited sin and vicarious atonement, Christians are NOT followers of Christ and NOT “sons of God.” The Church/Christians is/are antiChrist.
Since Christians are following antichrist doctrines. After 2,000 years JESUS CHRIST DOES NOT HAVE EVEN A SINGLE FOLLOWER.
And as Muslims believe in Jesus as he taught and as confirmed by the Qur’an MUSLIMS ARE THE TRUE FOLLOWERS OF JESUS. Christianity is Paganism
The Bible and Qur’an show Jesus was NOT of virgin birth (Jesus-birth miracle or mechanix?)
Jesus performed Miracles through the power of God. Others besides Jesus, such as Moses and the pool at Bethesda performed miracles. False Christs and false prophets also can perform miracles as Jesus said. And not only are there no proofs to substantiate these miracles of Christ, but since fakers can perform them miracles are no proof of Divinity or righteousness. Which would also rule out Jesus. But for Mohammad Jesus may have long since been relegated to the bin of myths and legends (shown further on).
Considering that in his lifetime Jesus had no mercy for non-Jews. It is intriguing that Jesus is now in heaven showing himself in dreams to non-Jew “dogs” and ‘swine” and sending holograms of his face on walls and other surfaces. And even curing non-Jew “dogs” and “swine.”
Is it Jesus these dreamers and cured ones saw or is it Satan, the “master deceiver,” to lead them astray into the falsehood of Trinity, inherited sin and vicarious atonement?
After all, if Satan can tempt the Son of God (and even God as Christians say Jesus is God) and can fuddle with Peter, Jesus’ “Rock” and key-holder of heaven–(Matthew 16:18-19), how much easier it is for Satan to toy with ordinary, gullible mortals.
Even if it is Jesus these dreamers are seeing and being cured by, what is Jesus saying to them? Evidently, Jesus is telling them to follow the Comforter (Mohammad). (See Jesus-seen in dreams; Jesus-Curing Muslims & Hindus).
Like the Qur’an. While the Gospels show that Jesus did NOT die on the cross. Christians know that Mark 16:9-20 and Matthew 28:19 speaking of the Father, the Son and the Holy Ghost/Spirit, are “forgeries” in the Bible; and the Vatican was given proof from CHRISTIANS that the body in the Shroud of Turn (which is believed to be the body of Christ) was NOT a dead body; that Jesus was NOT killed/crucified; that Jesus did NOT die on the cross. (Jesus-inherited sin to ascension).
Yet Christians preach salvation through this mythical blood of Jesus Christ.
Christians engage in lying/deception to spread their fake religion.
Whereas David was earthly king, the Church crowned Jesus heavenly king and baptized him ruler of future-world, based on ancient “Iranian mythology.” (Jesus-1000-year rule).
The eighteen years of Jesus missing from the Gospels; Jesus was in India taking Vedic lessons from Hindu Brahmin priests and learning exorcism (Jesus-18 missing years).
If Jesus came to die for the sins of the world; and for him (though he had power to lay down his life and take it up again) to pray so pitifully that his sweat was “like drops of blood falling to the ground” for God to save him from this grand and momentous “glory”, and to indict God as having “forsaken” him; THIS MUST BE THE BLACKEST DEGREE OF DISGRACE ever exampled by a Son of God and God in Scriptural history. The “Mother” of all disgraces.
Not even the Jews of 1400’s Vienna behaved so ignominiously as this Christians’ Son of God (and God); but fearlessly entered the Christian furnace of fire to be burned alive rather than kiss the useless and unGodly crucifix and desecrate the Sheema –the Purity of His Holy Highness.
For all their “stiffnecked(ness),” and their “strain(ing) at a gnat and swallow(ing) a camel,” as Jesus observed, Allāh God must be well-pleased with these Viennese Jews for not violating His Sanctity; and may have already accorded them Jannah/Paradise.
If Jesus is God; God is praying to, and forsaking Himself. THIS IS ONE OF THE LUNACIES CHRISTIANS WANT THE WORLD TO MUTILATE OUR INTELLIGENCE AND SWALLOW.
One of the lunacies for which they have hundreds of thousands of missionaries plaguing the world (in violation of Jesus’ teaching as Jesus came only for Jews) to drown it in the mythical blood of Jesus Christ.
That Christianity is “love,” Jesus is “Prince of peace,” and that Jesus-loves us, God is love is wild talk and clap-trap!
Aside from his doling out absurd doctrines. Jesus (as Christians say Jesus is God) was instrumental in the bloodiest episodes in Scriptural history where everything that breathed was put to the sword and commanded that prepubescent virgin girls be taken as sex slaves. He advocated cold-blooded murder of opponents and bequeathed to the earth a blazing legacy of “fire” ‘sword” “hate” and “division” to the resurrection.
This is not unexpected. After all, the Christian God is a “man of war”: “The Lord is a man of WAR: the Lord is his name”–(Exodus 15:3).
This Christian’s God (Jesus) is also a barbaric butcher. Having bears eat 42 children just for teasing a man about his bald head; terrorized, slay, poison and feed worshippers of false gods to beasts; and mutilating children and pregnant women and their fetus (God & Jesus versus Christians).
Whereas Islam-liberated woman and gives her rights alongside man from birth to Jannah/Heaven/Paradise
In contrast, Christianity-subjugates woman. Giving her lifelong subjugation to her husband; brands her as “transgressor,” “deceiver” and betrayer of man; makes her an object of sexual release (good only to avoid fornication); curses her as “defiler” of man all the way to the next world; gives her NO “witness” ability; and sets her up in marriage (misery) till “death” does she part.
Christians may not be observing the laws of God/Bible; but their Bible/God requires they do so. And heaven lies in obeying God/Scripture.
It is Not Islam, it is CHRISTIANITY that requires death for adultery, apostasy, blasphemy and homosexuality, and honor killing:
Islam-adultery & flogging;
Islam-homosexuals & lesbians
Muslims who apostatized from Islam (rather than learn Islam), and Christians who want a “mansion” or “bungalow” in heaven, and Hindus who desire Swarga have the grand opportunity while you are alive –and no one knows when he/she will die; and when you die this opportunity evaporates like a dewdrop in Hell– to return/turn to Allāh; to: “There is no God but Allāh; Mohammad is the Messenger of Allāh.” no man cometh to God but by MOHAMMAD!
P R E A M B L E
There are many sites on the Internet that claim to show Muslims the “truth” about our religion –that Islam is a false religion– in their effort to lure uninformed and unthinking Muslims into apostatising from Islam.
They use verses of the Qur’an out of context, and seemingly, without knowledge as to the background to which they were revealed and that verses of the Qur’an are either literal or allegorical in meaning–(Qur’an 3:6. Please note, numbering of verses may vary among translators).
In his translation of the Qur’an Muhammad Ali has explained Arabic words/terms and has given a background to which verses were revealed in addition to giving the history of the Qur’an from its revelation to its collection.
Muhammad Ali has also dealt at length with objections against Islam. His translation of the Qur’an with preliminary notes can be viewed and perhaps even downloaded free online: www.muslim.org. His comprehensive work The Religion of Islam may also be available through this site.
Notably, the Qur’an is not a treatise on any subject, it is “essentially a book meant for the spiritual and moral advancement of man, and therefore the power, greatness, grandeur and glory of God is its chief theme, the principles of social laws enunciated therein being also meant to promote the moral and spiritual advancement of man”1
While the Qur’an is not a treatise on any subject, “What initially strikes the reader confronted for the first time with a text of this kind is the sheer abundance of subjects discussed: the Creation, astronomy, the explanation of certain matters concerning the earth, and the animal and vegetable kingdoms, human reproduction. Whereas monumental errors are to be found in the Bible, I could not find a single error in the Qur’an. I had to stop and ask myself: if a man was the author of the Qur’an, how could he have written facts in the Seventh century A.D. that today are shown to be in keeping with modern scientific knowledge?”–(Maurice Bucaille, The Bible The Qur’an and Science, p. 120.).
There are two critical points about Islam that are to be kept in mind:
(1) The Qur’an was revealed over a period of about twenty-three years. Unless and until he received Divine revelation in a matter the Prophet Mohammad followed the Torah/Bible, which requires honor killing, death for apostasy, blasphemy and parental abuse, homosexuality and -adultery. The Qur’an abrogates these laws of Judaism and Christianity. (This is what the Qur’an refers to when it speaks of abrogation–Qur’an 2:106; it does not mean, as erroneously believe, that one verse of the Qur’an abrogates another verse. See Muhammad Ali’s comm. to Qur’an 2:106: www.muslim.org).
(2) Hadith/Sayings of the Prophet Mohammad are to be understood as to the time frame in which they were given –whether it was before or after revelation on the subject. The Prophet governed according to the Qur’an–(Qur’an 10:15; 21:45; 46:9; 53:3-4).
Even in the lifetime of the Prophet sayings were forged in his name. Hazrat Ali, the fourth Caliph of Islam, is noted as saying:
“During the very lifetime of the Holy Prophet (AS) many a false tradition was attributed to him. This continued till the apostle of God got so vexed that he stood up and declared, ‘Whoever deliberately and purposely tells a lie against me or attributes lies to me shall make a place for himself in the Hell’”–(Nahjul Balagha, sermon 215, p. 386. See also Bokhari Vol. 1, # 106-109; Vol. 4, # 667, 712. Perhaps it is for this reason that the Prophet is reported as having said that whatever sayings of his contradict with the Qur’an is to be discarded.
As noted, the Prophet taught only according to the Qur’an. Forgeries may also have been made by the opponents of the Prophet to denigrate him.
Hazrat Ali also noted that there are those who heard from the Prophet “but his memory was not good and when he repeated the traditions he could not repeat them correctly;” then there were those who heard from the Prophet and remembered correctly “but they did not know that that order was later repealed and abrogated. Conversely, some people heard the Prophet forbidding his followers from a certain action, but did not know that the Apostle of God later gave permission for the same.”
Highly significant, Hazrat Ali explains that:
“Orders of our Holy Prophet (AS) are of two kinds. Some are meant for special persons while others are for all Muslims and for all times.
There were many persons who could not fully understand the significance of what the prophet had said. They could remember all right, but could not grasp the true relevance of these traditions and began interpreting them as they desired.
(Hazrat points out that whereas he invariably had the Prophet explained his teachings, the companions of the Prophet did not “dare” themselves to ask questions and often waited till visiting Arabs asked questions, “they then listened how Hazrat (i.e. the Prophet–NGBA) replied and tried to remember those traditions as much as they could.” And that “These are various reasons which caused so many spurious and false traditions to come into circulation”–(Nahjul Balagha, sermon 215, pp. 386-388).
Whatever saying of the Prophet contradicts with the Qur’an is to be discarded. The Qur’an supersedes all other sources of guidance.
Critics want Muslims to answer their charges against Islam. Truth is, Muslims do not have to refute any charge against Islam. Let the critics prove a religion superior to or equal with Islam.
No Scripture can be shown to be superior to the Qur’an and no religion can be shown to be superior to, or equal with, Islam–.Islam is superior to all other religions. And there is no system more equitable and just than Shari’ah.
(If Muslims want to institute Shari’ah in America, as one party on the Internet claims, though he seems to have forgotten to point out that America wants to institute her brand of “democracy” in Muslim lands, then Muslims would be giving to America the best system in the world).
If Mohammad-wrote the Qur’an as critics claim then Mohammad had the wisdom to state explicitly the cardinal doctrines of Islam (and which are conducive to reason); in contrast to the Gods of Karma & Reincarnation and of Trinity, inherited sin and vicarious atonement who clearly lacked this insight (and which doctrines are not conducive to reason).
Who is Allāh?
Why did Allāh create us?
How many religions did Allāh reveal?
Does Allāh exist?
WHO IS ALLĀH? WHY DID HE CREATE US? The Prophet Mohammad is reported to have said that Allāh said I loved that I should be known, so I created man.2 To make us aware that He is the Creator and that He created us to serve Him3 and to have mercy on us–(Qur’an 51:56;. 11:119), Allah raised messengers among all people and gave them rites and ceremonies–(Qur’an 22:67) and one common message: “And We sent no messenger before thee (Mohammad) but We revealed to him that there is no God but Me, so serve Me”–(Qur’an 21:25). Thus Allāh is known by a name according to the language of the people -some of which are Eli, the name to which Jesus called out from the “cross’; and Ishwar of Hinduism- (though “Jehovah” is not a scriptural name of God; JEHOVAH DOES NOT EXIST4). (While there is only one God, what is critical is one’s concept of God -heaven lies in following clearly expressed Divine doctrines; not in following human assumptions and inventions).
However, through the passage of time Divine Revelation lost its purity: “By Allah! We certainly sent (messengers) to nations before thee (Mohammad), but the devil made their deeds fair-seeming to them.”–(Qur’an 16:63). Khwaja Kamal-ud-Din points out in his Open Letters To The Bishops of Salisbury And London: “The whole world was a world of fetish worshippers at the appearance of Islam. From an eggshell to the man-worship of Christianity and Hinduism, the adoration that should go to God went to His creatures.” (p. 17).
And in his book Muhammad in World Scriptures, Vol. 1. Abdul Haque Vidyarthi notes:
“The condition in which the sacred scriptures of the world are found today, is really a harried one. These are, no doubt, the relics of those great Books that were given to the prophets of yore. No scripture of any religion was to be found in its original form and pristine purity at the time of the Holy Prophet’s (Mohammad) advent, nor is one found today. Such books, therefore, cannot prove the truth of religion, nay, their own prophets stand in need of vindication. A number of suspicions and misgivings have sprung up about the prophets, Zoroaster, Abraham, Krishna and Christ so much so that they are being looked upon as mere fictitious persons.” (p. 6).
“Religious scriptures underwent vicissitudes and had dark ages upon them, that their very contents and their existence became suspected. It was in this obscurity that the Vedas grew from one into four, and then from four to as many as 1131, there is a verse in Maha Bhashya which explains that there are one hundred and one shoots of Yajur-veda, one thousand of Sama-veda, twenty-one kinds of Rig-veda and nine of Atharva-veda.
In these days we can see a dozen vedas published, in fact, which throws light on their vicissitudes.
The Masorah and Septuagint versions of the old Testament, the different authorized editions of the Sadducees and Pharisees, the apocryphal literature believed as part of inspired scriptures by some sects and rejected by others, the different versions of apocryphal Gospels, prove the credibility of the fact that no religious scripture was kept intact or properly maintained or committed to memory in the life-time of the prophet to whom it was revealed.”–(pp. 314-315).
Not only are religious Books not in their pristine purity. Cardinal doctrines of religions contradict one another:
-Hinduism teaches Karma and Reincarnation5 (whose origins are unknown and are not conducive to reason);
-Christianity teaches Trinity6 (putting God into the belly of Mary, brought Him out her vagina and circumcised Him, astaghferullah!), inherited sin (which attributes injustice to God: that God puts Adam’s sin onto babies and even in their mothers’ wombs for 5,000 years now and worldwide, and will do so till the resurrection) and vicarious atonement7 (which puts everyone’s sins onto Jesus and had him killed to forgive sin inherited from Adam: thus, attributing more injustice to God and making God complicit in the murder of Jesus); and
-Islam teaches Unity of Allāh God, Prayer, Zakaat/Charity, Fasting, and Hajj8 (which critics contend is an imitation of paganism) which are clearly expressed in the Qur’an and observed by the Prophet Mohammad.
Whereas devotees of God claim that we all follow the same God, what is significant is one’s concept of God. The Islamic concept of God is stated succinctly and unambiguously in Qur’an 112:1-4: “Say: He, Allah, is One. Allah, the Eternal, Absolute. He begets not, nor is He begotten; And there is none like Him.”
–Allāh God is One i.e. He is not One in a Trinity –whether it be the Hindu Trinity of Brahma, Vishnu, and Shiva, the Christian Trinity of Father, Son, and Holy Ghost, or the Pagan Trinity of Juno, Jupiter, and Minerva– nor is Allāh One in a Duality –as in the Zoroastrian’s God of darkness and all things evil, and God of light and all things good– nor is Allāh One in a polytheism. And Allāh is One in attributes –there is no other existence with attributes as He.
–Allāh God is Eternal, Absolute, i.e. Allāh never dies nor can be killed. As a son is the successor of his father, and as Allāh is eternal He does not need a son to succeed Him. To say that God has a son, or that He needs a son, is to say that He is not eternal (and needs someone to succeed Him). Allāh is not dependent on anyone, but all are dependent upon Him. Allāh is Absolute, i.e. there was none before Him, and there is none after Him.
Allāh–“He is the First and the Last and the Manifest and the Hidden”–(Qur’an 57:3). Muhammad Ali notes: “The Holy Prophet has thus explained the four attributes of the Divine Being mentioned here: “Thou art the First, so that there was nothing before Thee, Thou art the Last, so that there is nothing after Thee, and Thou art the Manifest, or the Ascendant over all, so that there is nothing above Thee, and Thou art the Hidden, the Knower of the Hidden things, so that there is nothing hidden from Thee –Muslim 48:13).
–Allah God begets not, i.e. being One and Only, the First and Creator of all and thus could not have a consort, He begets not. Fatherhood (begetting) requires the joining of sperm with ovum.
–Allāh God, is not begotten, i.e. Being the First and Creator of all and thus having no mother and father, He is not born. A woman created by God cannot be mother of God. God cannot be son of a woman.
–There is none like Allāh, God, i.e. being First and Last, Evident and Immanent and one in attributes there is none like Him; being Omnipotent, Omniscient and Omnipresent He incarnates not; being Just He has no “chosen people” to the exclusion of others; being Beneficent and Merciful He needs no ‘blood sacrifice’ to forgive sins; and does not give to every action an equal and opposite reaction –He forgives sins altogether or He requites evil with its like; and He rewards good up to seven hundredfold–(Qur’an 39:53; 6:160; 2:261; Bokhari Vol. 1; chapter 32, #40).
(The God that puts one person’s sin onto others and even have the innocent killed for the guilty is not worthy of worship. Not even honest humans suffer the innocent for the guilty).
HOW MANY RELIGIONS DID ALLĀH REVEAL?As noted, Allāh raised prophets among all people and gave them rites and ceremonies. These prophets prior to Mohammad were national prophets and their teachings were restricted to their respective people and were for a limited time. Neither of these prophets gave the name of a religion to follow nor claimed to be the last prophet to come. That is because while the teachings were adequate for these individual people; man’s religion was not yet perfected and God’s favor to man was not completed.
Moses and Jesus clearly spoke of another teacher to come. Moses spoke of the coming of another prophet like him;9 and Jesus foretold the coming of another Comforter10 who will give “all truth” and will “abide for ever” and whom all are to follow. (As another prophet will come with “all truth” and will “abide for ever” then the Bible, devoid of “all truth” will become obsolete; and Jesus not abiding “for ever” and as all are required to follow this Comforter then Jesus is redundant, though he is to be honored).
The Prophet Mohammad came both, to the Arabs who until then had not received a prophet, and to all mankind. To unite us under one Divine Message –the Qur’an. Through Mohammad Allāh’s favor to man was completed and man’s religion perfected: “This day have I perfected for you your religion and completed My favour to you and chosen for you Islam as a religion”–Qur’an 5:3).
The Qur’an contains the teachings of previous scriptures that are applicable for all time, and contains teachings that are not met with in past scriptures: thus the Qur’an consists of, exceeds, and supersedes all scriptures: “(Mohammad) A Messenger from Allāh, reciting pure pages, Wherein are (all) right books”–Qur’an 98:2-3).
As noted Allāh raised up prophets among all people and gave them rites and ceremonies and the one common message: “And We sent no messenger before thee (Mohammad) but We revealed to him that there is no God but Me, so serve Me”–(Qur’an 21:25).
Moses and Jesus also taught the Unity of God: “Hear, O Israel: The Lord our God is one Lord”–(Deuteronomy 6:4; Gospel of Mark 12:29). Further, Jesus taught that heaven lies in following the Mosaic Law until the coming of the Comforter who will guide into ‘all truth” and who will abide for ever”:
-“If thou wilt enter into life keep the commandments”11–(Matt. 19:16-19. This is how Jesus gave his followers “eternal; life”–John 10:28– by teaching them what to follow and avoid; in this respect all prophets give “eternal life”)
-“The scribes and the Pharisees sit in Moses’ seat: ALL therefore whatsoever they bid you observe, that observe and do”–(Matt. 23:2-3. As eternal life lies in following the scribes and Pharisees –the Mosaic Law– and limited to the arrival of the Comforter, there is no need for Jesus or a vicarious atoner. And this order of Jesus was given long after the so-called crucifixion verse of John 3:1612).
-“And I will pray the Father, and He shall give you another Comforter that he may abide with you forever;” “Howbeit when he, the Spirit of truth, is come, he will guide you into all truth”–(John 14:16; 16:13). (There would have been no need to follow the scribes and Pharisees if Christ was the only truth, life, and way to God. It is pointless for Jesus to command his people to follow another person that will come after him and guide into “all truth” and abide “for ever” if no man can come to God except through him/Jesus.
Evidently, it is this Comforter who will guide into “all truth” and “abide for ever” who will be the only truth, life, and way to God. Notably, like Matthew 23:2-3 above, this declaration of Jesus about the advent of the Comforter was also made long after the so-called crucifixion verse of John 3:16. John 3:16 is about miracles, see Jesus-inherited sin to ascension.
And as the Comforter will bring “all truth” and “abide for ever,” there is no wisdom in following a man, Jesus, who did not give ‘all truth” or in following a Book , Bible, that is devoid of “all truth” (see Jesus-redundant no ransom; Bible corrupt & obsolete).
As noted, Allāh God raised prophets among all people and gave them rites and ceremonies. These prophets prior to Mohammad were national prophets and their teachings were restricted to their respective people and were for a limited time. These prophets neither gave the name of a religion to follow nor claimed to be the last prophet to come.
As all Prophets were sent by the same One God, the religion from God could not be partial to any person, place or thing –Judaism is named after Judah, Hinduism after the Indus valley though the correct name of the Hindu religion is Sanatana Dharma; and Christianity is named after Jesus Christ though initially Jesus followers were called Nazarenes after Jesus who was called the Nazarene after his place of birth, Nazareth. The name of God’s religion should reflect our service to Him: such is Islam –peace and submission to the will of God.
The Qur’an confirms Books given to past prophets:
-“”Surely We have revealed to thee (Mohammad) as We revealed to Noah and the prophets after him, and We revealed to Abraham and Ishmael and Isaac and Jacob and the tribes, and Jesus and Job and Jonah and Aaron and Solomon, and We gave to David a scripture”–(Qur’an 4:163);
-“And We have revealed to thee (Mohammad) the Book with the truth, verifying that which is before it of the Book”–(Qur’an 5:48; 87:19; 98:3).
And Islam is the same religion given to those prophets of yore:
-“He has made plain to you the religion which He enjoined upon Noah and which We have revealed to thee, and which We enjoined on Abraham and Moses and Jesus”–(42:13).
-“Surely the (true) religion with Allah is Islam”–(Qur’an 3:18). “So set thy face for religion, being upright, the nature made by Allah in which He has created men. There is no altering Allah’s creation. That is the right religion–but most people know not”– (Qur’an 30:30).
The oldest religion or eternal law is Islam –submission to the law of Allah God. The first human beings submitted to this law of Allāh, God, –Islam. Only this submission to Allāh God was not yet known as Islam. The following makes this point clear: “Then He (Allāh) directed Himself to the heaven and it was a vapour, so He said to it and to the Earth: Come both, willingly or unwillingly. They both said: We come willingly”–(Qur’an 41:11). We ‘come willingly’ or we submit to your command–Islam. Thus, Islam –submission to the command of Allāh God– is as old as the heavens and the earth. Islam is the only Divine religion and the primeval and eternal religion.
All creations conform to the laws of Allāh God. Whether one calls oneself a Hindu, Jew, Christian, Buddhist, Bahai, atheist or other, every person is a Muslim. A Muslim is one who submits to the Law or Will of Allah God.
There are two orders of Muslims: (1) Muslims by Compulsion (2) Muslims by Choice. As explained in the following:
-The sun and the moon and the planets all follow prescribed paths in their own orbit, and traverse within a given time.
-When two parts hydrogen combine with one part oxygen water is formed–they cannot form any other compound. Thus they are submitting to, or are being obedient to the law accorded them.
-The seed of a plant must go through various stages between its germination and fruition. Each part must manifest in its proper sequence –i.e. it must develop root and stems before it can sprout leaves; and must blossom and flower before it can bear fruit– it cannot bear fruit before growing flowers; nor grow leaves before sprouting limbs. Thus, they are following or are being obedient to the laws accorded them.
In fact all things in nature exist on laws. From the microscopic atom to the gigantic sphere, everything in creation is under the governance of some principle: “Glorify the name of thy Lord, the Most High! Who creates, then makes complete, And Who measures, then guides”–(Qur’an 87:1-3; Also 25:2; 54:49).
Similarly, we ourselves are subjected to laws to which we have no choice but to submit to, for example:
-when sperm is united with ovum conception results
-we are subjected to hunger, thirst, and death
-if we eat anything sugary we have no choice but to taste sweetness, and if we eat anything acid we have no choice but to taste sourness (unless we have a defect in taste)
-when something is detonated we have no choice but to hear an explosion (unless we have a defect in hearing)
-if we look at the sky, unless we have a defect of the eye, we have no choice but to see blue –we cannot force our eyes to show us a different color than is present. In short we cannot dictate to our senses.
In these regards we are compelled to obey the Laws of Allah. As such we are all Muslims by compulsion –submitting to Allah God without choice. We are Muslims by choice in that we are given a free will to choose between right and wrong, to live a life of good or evil; to believe in Allah or not. It is because of this freedom to choose that we will be called on to account for our deeds. As we are all Muslims by compulsion, there is wisdom in being Muslims by choice.
DOES ALLĀH EXIST?
What is to be borne in mind is that Darwin’s presentation on Evolution is only a “theory” it is not fact.
The Toronto Star, Sunday April 4, 1999, Section C (p. 2), notes in its article “Behold the new god: science” that in 1953 “Stanley Miller passed an electrical charge, a simulation of lightning, through a mixture of chemicals that attempted to match those present on Earth at the time life is thought to have begun. Amino acids, the basic elements of life, were formed. This, it seemed, demonstrated that life could emerge from basic chemistry.” (Surely, this “mixture of chemicals” that were “present on Earth at the time life is thought to have begun,” must still be around; meaning that there are still such creatures evolving, though there does not seem be any evidence of this).
If life came through evolution rather than creation, what is the source of this “mixture of chemicals” at the beginning? How did it combine in the wild (as opposed to in a lab) in such sufficient proportion to produce this “basic elements of life?” And what are the odds of lightning striking this mixture to begin life?
If Evolution can produce a universe of immensity, beauty and order and produce beings of symmetry and precision then surely a Creator can produce more.
Regarding certain verses (on science) of the Qur’an, Maurice Bucaille states in his book The Bible, The Qur’an and Science states: “It was not until much later, at a period not far from our own, that it was possible to translate and interpret them correctly. This implies that a thorough linguistic knowledge is not in itself sufficient to understand these verses from the Qur’an. What is needed along with this is a highly diversified knowledge of science.” (p.121).
Allāh invites the skeptics: “And if you are in doubt as to that which We have revealed to Our servant (Mohammad), then produce a chapter like it and call on your helpers besides Allāh if you are truthful”–(Qur’an 2:23; 10:38; 11:13).
As a religion from God is to reflect our service to Him. A Book from God should possess a quality beyond man’s ability to imitate. With its prophecies, scientific pronouncements and inimitability Allāh has proven His existence through His Qur’an.
In Islam Creation is not opposed to Evolution. A thousand years before Darwin, Allāh God revealed to us in His Qur’an that He created every living thing from water–(Qur’an 21:30; 24:45. It has taken sophisticated man more than a thousand years to discover this, one of the many truths, conveyed to us by a desert inhabitant. Yet some deny the Divinity of the Qur’an and call Mohammad an “impostor”).
Khwaja Kamal-ud-Din explains: “The principle of evolution was taught to the world for the first time in Islam. Four of the ninety-nine Names of Allāh, God, are:
(1) Rabb–“the Originator of things and their Combiner to create new forms. It means the Law-giver, Who frames Laws under which He propounds the shapes which things must assume and the ratio and proportion in which various ingredients must combine with each other. He is the Regularizer, i.e., the Lord Who puts things on the way to perfection. He is the Arranger of the different stages through which they have to pass on their way to completion.” (Ref. Qur’an 87:1-3; 25:2; 54:49).
(2) Al-Badi’–He Who creates out of nothing;
(3) Al-Bari–He Who originates things with various faculties in them;
(4) Al-Khaliq–He Who combines things in a given proportion to create new things.”13
And Muhammad Ali explains: The Arabic word Rabb which is generally taken as Lord, “conveys not only the idea of fostering, bringing-up, or nourishing, but also that of regulating, completing and accomplishing (T-LL), i.e. of the evolution of things from the crudest state to that of the highest perfection. According to R, Rabb signifies the fostering of a thing in such a manner as to make it attain one condition after another until it reaches its goal of completion. Hence Rabb is the Author of all existence, Who has not only given to the whole creation its means of nourishment but has also beforehand ordained for each a sphere of capacity and within that sphere provided the means by which it continues to attain gradually to its goal of perfection. By the use of the word Rabb the Holy Qur’an thus hints at the law of evolution which is working in the universe.”14
Allāh is the “Wonderful Originator of the heavens and the earth,” “Allāh originates the creation, then reproduces it, then to Him you will be returned”–(Qur’an 2:117; 30:11).
The information in the Qur’an which was not known to man 1400 years ago, this alone is proof of the existence of Allāh. But, as stated, this creationism does not negate evolution. Allāh says He created man “of sounding clay, of black mud fashioned into shape” with “both My hands–(Qur’an 15:26; 38:75.
There is no statement to show that He created other forms of life directly as He created man). Allāh says He created all things from water–(Qur’an 21:30; 24:45), which may suggest that other forms of life were created through the process of evolution according to His laws. (That Allāh created all things from water is not to be confused with His statement that He created man as well from water; because this creation of man from water refers his creation through procreation, for Allāh already revealed that He created man from “sounding clay” with His “hands”).
Allāh reveals He created all things in pairs–(Qur’an 42:11). Allāh creating all things in pairs does not necessarily mean that He created all things through His laws of evolution (supposedly). He may have created a few species only; which inter-bred with one another (much like man inter-breeding animals to produce other breeds); which would account for the several species of one creature, as in the case of birds and beetles. This inter-breeding could very well apply to every kingdom of animal species.
Allāh says that when He decrees a matter, He only says to it “Be, and it is”–(Arabic “kun fayakun: Qur’an 2:117). This coming into existence of the various creations according to the command(s) of Allāh are their submitting to His will. After decreeing the various creations to manifest, Allāh created man and “breathed into him of His spirit”–(Qur’an 7:11; 15:26-29; 32:7-9).
As can be seen, whereas Allāh manifested all other creations through a process or His command, His creating of man was through direct intervention. Thus, there are two methods of creation: through the process or “evolution” under the laws of God, and through direct intervention or “creation”: “His is the creation and the command”–(Qur’an 7:54)15
However, one must keep this creation through a “process” in perspective, i.e. it must not be imagined as when one is viewing a movie –where everything occurs one after the other in a few moments. This creation process may take centuries. The Qur’an likens one Divine day (or period) to be the equivalent of a thousand to fifty thousand years of ours.
So if creation of the heavens and the earth took six days or periods, then we must be looking at a time frame of from six thousand years to three hundred thousand years –it is not necessarily so that God created man immediately after His creating of the heavens and the earth. Neither is it necessarily so that God created all things one immediately after the other. There may have been intervals in between each phase of creation.
In effect, Allāh is Creator of all, though not necessarily by direct intervention; but also through ‘laws of association’ –meaning when certain elements are combined new forms or objects come into being, e.g. two parts hydrogen combining with one part oxygen producing water. .
Whereas Allāh is the creator of all –the seen and the unseen.
It would be a subjugation of reason to accept that Evolution can evolve a microscopic part (as the sperm; a drop of fluid or the “amino acid” produced in a lab) into beings of symmetry –two hands and feet, eyes (and of the same colors) and ears– and a mouth and other organs appropriately positioned at vantage points.
It would be a subjugation of reason to accept that Evolution can evolve this jelled drop of fluid into bones and blood (and a network of vessels) and hairs and nails; develop limbs and having joints that not only swivel but are locked in place and with precision and smoothness; produce a self-propelling device –a heart– and pumping incessantly for up to a hundred years; wondrous teeth and systems for consuming, digesting and evacuating; produce cells –sperm and ovum– and mammary glands and milk at a certain stage of life for self-reproduction and nourishing; and clothe these bones and organs in flesh. and skin; instill emotions; produce faculties of reasoning; give sight (through fat), hearing (through bone), and speech (through a lump of flesh); and instill carnal passion to ensure the need for companionship.
While in creationism man is equipped with the capacity of wisdom (which manifests as he matures), Evolution must not only evolve man physically, but also mentally. It is not reasonable that Evolution can produce the mental.
Then there is the soul, and the unseen beings (spirits) which Evolution must also produce. Since the physical is composed of cells what is the unseen composed of? It is not reasonable that Evolution could produce the soul and produce some beings visible and some invisible.
Neither is it reasonable that Evolution could equip the bat with sonar and furnish it with the power of flight through wings of skin instead of feathers; instill the genetic code into the various species; instill in plants the intricate system of photosynthesis to purify the air; dictate that some creatures produce their young through eggs and others in the womb; kangaroos to carry its young in a pouch; bees to seek nectar and make honey in their bellies; birds and butterflies to migrate (and with a sense of direction) for the winter; equip birds to emit sweet, powerful sounds; provide different kinds and varieties of fruits and flowers; equip porcupine with quills, skunk with a spray, vipers with venom; and give spiders the capability of spinning webs.
If creatures had evolved by mere chance, the chance of them being evolved as either male or female or with any genitals for that matter and with reproductive cells would seem highly improbable.
As noted above, Islam teaches that everything in creation is under the governance of some principle: “Glorify the name of thy Lord, the Most High! Who creates, then makes complete, And Who measures, then guides”–(Qur’an 87:1-3; Also 25:2; 54:49).
Which teaching finds resonance in today’s world. While many religious beliefs “have been swept away by the new physics,” as Paul Davies wrote, findings, such as “The existence of mind, for example, as an abstract, holistic, organizational pattern, capable even of disembodiment, refutes the reductionist philosophy that we are all nothing but moving mounds of atoms;”16 and James Trefil wrote: “Everything we see in the sky, like everything on earth, happens in a rational orderly way.”17
Twentieth-century high-rise scholars discover that which the Seventh-century tent-dweller Mohammad conveyed to us. Evidently, the prophecies, scientific pronouncements, and the Qur’an’s inimitability are not only proofs of Mohammad’s Messengership but also a refutation of atheism. In the words of Maurice Bucaille:
“How could he (Mohammad) then pronounce truths of a scientific nature that no other human being could possibly have developed at the time, and all this without once making the slightest error in his pronouncements on the subject?
The ideas in this study are developed from a purely scientific point of view. They lead to the conclusion that it is inconceivable for a human being living in the Seventh century A.D. to have made statements in the Qur’an on a great variety of subjects that do not belong to his period and for them to be in keeping with what was to be known only centuries later. For me, there can be no human explanation to the Qur’an.”–(The Bible The Qur’an And Science, p. 125. Emphasis added).
If Mohammad was an “impostor” and wrote the Qur’an, it is the miracle of all ages that statements on science and on history – Pharaoh’s body saved, Roman victory over Persia, Alexander the Great, Jesus not killed/crucified– coming from the mouth of a Seventh Century unschooled Arab have proved true.
If Mohammad wrote the Qur’an he has written the best Book in Scriptural history.
I have had the odd Christian tell me that Mohammad was an “impostor.” I would say that if he can prove that Mohammad was an “impostor” I would follow what he follows, no ifs ands or buts; and as he cannot prove that Mohammad was an “impostor” then he is to follow what I follow –Islam. So far I have had no takers.
Christians also charge that Mohammad wrote the Qur’an. Fine. So Mohammad wrote the Qur’an. Who wrote the Bible –Old and New Testaments; prove that God revealed or gave inspiration to the writers of the Bible. And Paul, who Christians really follow, was a self-admitted liar and forger (see Allāh and Jesus or Paul. Christians are to be more correctly called Churchians or Paulians and their religion Churchianity or Paulianity).
Fact is, Christians do not know who Jesus is and what they follow. Whereas Muslims know who Jesus is –a messenger of Allāh God sent to the Children of Israel– and know who God is. On the contrary. After two thousand years since Jesus’ arrival and departure, Christians are still groping in the field of darkness and misunderstanding and confusion as to who God is and as to who Jesus is:
–whereas some Christians hold that Jesus is God, some say he is only Son of God. (Whose belief is correct? And Jesus is only “called” son of God, and God has a legion of sons and daughters; and as there is no literal “son of God” to die for literal “inherited” sin then the entire edifice of Christianity crumbles into a heap of rubbish. If Jesus is God and if Father (God) Son (Jesus) and Holy Ghost are one, and as Mary “conceived” Jesus through the agency of the Holy Ghost”-Matthew 1:18-20- then JESUS EFFECTED HIS OWN CONCEPTION; and WITH HIS MOTHER);
–whereas some Christians believe in Trinity, some hold Trinity as a “senseless God-dishonoring doctrine.” (Whose belief is correct? Notably, the pagan Romans had Trinity –Juno, Jupiter and Minerva. And Hindus have Trinity –Brahma, Vishnu and Shiva. And the Romans and Hindu Trinity pre-date the Christian Trinity. In which event it may be advanced that Christians copied the Pagan Romans and/or Hindu Trinity. The assertion gains full traction considering that the tree of Christian theology is firmly rooted in the soil of ancient mythology (see Jesus-1000-year rule).
–whereas some Christians say Christ died for inherited sin, some say he died for committed sin. (Whose belief is correct? Whether inherited sin or committed sin, the God that puts one person’s sin onto others and even have the innocent killed for the guilty is not worthy of adoration. Not even honest humans suffer the innocent for the guilty).
–whereas some Christians believe Jesus was killed, buried, and raised, “some of the early Christian sects did not believe that Christ was killed on the cross. The Basilidans believed that some one else was substituted for him. The Docetae held that Christ never had a real physical or natural body, but only an apparent or phantom body, and that his Crucifixion was only apparent, not real. The Marcionite Gospel (about A.D. 138) denied that Jesus was born, and merely said that he appeared in human form.”–(Yusuf Ali, Qur’anic comm; #663). And these are the cardinal doctrines of their religion. (Whose belief is correct?)
These cardinal doctrines of Christianity are NOT Divine Revelations -they are not clearly expressed in the Bible- these doctrines are assumptions.
Trinity was invented by the Church 300 years after Christ; and inherited sin and vicarious atonement were devised by St. (?) Paul.
Incidentally, Jesus is noted as saying: “Go ye into all the world, and preach the Gospel to every creature” (which would include the baboon)–(Mark 16:15; though this verse is a “forgery” in the Bible), and, regarding “the end of the world” Jesus says: “This gospel of the kingdom shall be preached in all the world for a witness unto all nations; and THEN SHALL THE END COME”–(Matthew 24:3, 14. Thus, if any nation(s) should ban the Gospel from its land the “end” shall NEVER COME).
Bluntly put, Christianity -Trinity, inherited sin and vicarious atonement- is not only lies,, falsehood and blasphemy, Christianity is nonsense.
Christians are also divided as to whether Jesus’ birth was “virginal” or “mechanical.” Paul, who knows more than Christians and whom Christians follow, taught that Jesus had a human father; that Jesus was born from “seed” “according to the flesh” (“seed” and “according to the flesh” is sexual intercourse)–(Acts 2:30; Romans 1:3; 2 Timothy 2:8).
Given the humanness of the Bible and the clouds of conjectures surrounding the existence of Jesus, but for the Qur’an/Islam/Mohammad Jesus may have long since been relegated to the bin of myths and legends.
It is the Qur’an/Islam/Mohammad that is keeping Jesus alive; and not only keeping him alive but has cleansed him and his mother, Mary, of the calumnies of “bastard” and “adulteress,” respectively, hurled on them by Jewish Fathers, and appareled them in rubious robes of righteousness, and have secured for them today the unflagging allegiance of some one-and-one-half billion Muslims. And counting as Islam spirits on. Inexorably! Invincibly! Impregnably! As Divinely decreed! To prevail over all religions!
“He it is Who sent His Messenger
(Mohammad) with guidance and
the Religion of Truth,
that He may cause it to
prevail over all religions,
though the polytheists are averse”
(Qur’an 9:32-33; 48:28; 61:8-9).
Allāh God truly is Great!
Subhāna Rabbayyal A’lā!
On this site we have refuted charges against Allāh –the Glorious and the High– Islam, the Qur’an, Prophet Mohammad –peace and blessings of Allāh be upon him– and Muslims. And have shown the superiority of Islam over all religions. Islam is blessed with the Divine allure of “reason.” And one who governs by reason –and it is the Divine requirement that we govern by reason– he and she would have no choice but to follow Islam.
On “June 13, 2010 at 10:47 AM,” an “Anonymous” visitor to Nonie Darwish’s website, having finished reading Ms. Darwish’s book “Cruel and Usual Punishment,” stated: “I would to read some Muslim write a retort to your book…point-by-point and not just an emotional outburst (such as death to “unbeliever”).“
In “reply” we stated that Muslims have written a “retort” to Ms. Darwish’s two books “point-by-point,” see www.nogod-butallah.org.
The website did not post our “reply.” Obviously “terrified” to let its visitors/readers know that Nonie Darwish’s books have been refuted. And “point-by-point.”
Those who endeavor to write should respect the dignity of writing and not be a cheap propagandist –in this case a cheap anti-Islam propagandist.
Some of the major critics of Islam we have responded to are:
–(ALLAH) A GOD WHO HATES-BY WAFA SULTAN
–ALI SINA: Ali Sina is to refute our submission or close down his site, acknowledge that Islam is the true religion, and pay us $50,000 US as he pledged; he can make the cheque payable to the Government of Turkey for the Syrian refugees.
–ANSWERING WIKIISLAM-2 QUESTIONS FOR MUSLIMS
–AYAAN HIRSI ALI
–BOTROS, FATHER ZAKARIA DISSECTS QUR’AN
–BOTROS, FATHER ZAKARIA TEN DEMANDS
–NONIE DARWISH-NOW THEY CALL ME INFIDEL
–NONIE DARWISH-CRUEL AND USUAL PUNISHMENT
–PASTOR Dr. JAMES MC DONALD
–REV. JERRY VINES
–SWAMI DAYANANDA SARASWATI
–THE END OF FAITH-SAM HARRIS
–THE TROUBLE WITH ISLAM-IRSHAD MANJI
–WHY I AM NOT A MUSLIM-IBN WARRAQ
1. Muhammad Ali, Qur’an, preliminary notes, p. vi.
2. Muhammad Ali, comm. Qur’an 96:2.
3. That Allāh created us to serve Him–(Qur’an 51:56). Islam teaches that service to humanity is service to Allāh. The Prophet Mohammad taught that we love God by loving His creatures. The Prophet Mohammad also instructs us to imbue ourselves with Divine Attributes –truth, love, mercy, compassion, forgiveness, justice….
Allāh created life and death as a trial, as to which of us in best in deeds–(Qur’an 67:2). We worship Allāh (as in our five daily salaah/prayer) as a reminder that the only presence greater than us and worthy of adoration is Allāh.
Allāh does not need anything from us. These prayers are for our own moral and spiritual elevation: “Surely prayer keeps (one) away from indecency and evil; and certainly the remembrance of Allah is the greatest (force). And Allah knows what you do.” (Qur’an 29:45). “And enjoin prayer on thy people, and steadily adhere to it. We ask not of thee a sustenance. We provide for thee. And the (good) end is for guarding against evil” –(Qur’an 20:132). (For more on this see Islam).
4. That Jehovah does not exist. It is said that Jews considered the name of God too Holy to articulate so they referred to God as YHWH –Yahweh or Yehowah or Yahowah. “Jehovah” was forged by the Jehovah’s Witnesses who replaced the “Y” with “J” and added vowels to give “Jehovah.” Jesus addressed God as “ELI”–(Matthew 27:46). In praying to this human concoction, “Jehovah,” Christians are praying to a God who is non-existent.
5. No one seems to know the origin of the doctrines of Karma and reincarnation. They are not clearly expressed in the Veda: “The origin and the development of the belief in the transmigration of souls are very obscure…This doctrine of samsara (reincarnation) is attributed to the sage Uddalaka Aruni, who is said to have learned it from a Ksatriya chief. In the same text, the doctrine of karma (works)…also occurs for the first time, attributed to Yajnavalkya. Both doctrines appear to have been new and strange ones, circulating among small groups of ascetics who were disinclined to make them public.”–(Ency. Brit; 15th Ed; Vol. 8, p. 911. Underlines added).
Anoop Chandola states: “Through contact, the Aryans and non -Aryans began to modify and integrate each other’s pathways. In the context of religion, for example, the Austro-Asiatics may have contributed the belief in each life passing to another life. This belief later, in the form of reincarnation, became a major element in the Upanishads.”–(Anoop Chandola, The Way To True Worship, p. 8).
If reincarnation was Divine bequeath it could not be speculated to have been “contributed” by the “Austro-Asiatics.”
Karma & Reincarnation are not conducive to reason. Karma –law of action and equal reaction– is for science. Along with his right to retaliate man is endowed with reason and to be merciful and forgiving. The God Who gives to all human action an equal and opposite reaction is devoid of mercy and forgiveness.
If karma/reincarnation were Divine truths, trying to improve the conditions of the unfortunate –which is the “reaction” to their bad karma– would be to work against karma. If such works are successful man would have defeated karma. If man can defeat the law of God –karma– man is greater than God.
That souls do not transmigrate from one creature to another is evident from the fact that man can clone creatures and humans. Karma cannot dictate that a soul enter a clone –which is a duplicate of a being– as the being would be alive and still has its soul. Souls as animals cannot be said to be at a disadvantage or a means of punishment for a past life of evil. An animal is suited to its kingdom. A worm, dog, cat, cockroach must be just as happy in its state as man is in his.
It is not reasonable that soul is relegated to a lower form of life as a result of bad karma. If the soul does not remember its past life it would be of no consequence to it what form it is made to inhabit. It would have no regrets seeing that remorse comes through reflection on the past.
About the soul reincarnating, Swami Dayananda Saraswati wrote in his book Light Of Truth: “Guided by God it enters the body of some living creature with air, water, food, drink or through any one of the openings of the body. Having entered it, it gradually reaches the reproductive element, and thereby establishes itself in the womb, and is thus invested with a body and eventually born. It is clothed with a male or a female body.”(p.300). (According to this, the souls of the Gods Rama and Krishna were in their mothers’ wombs waiting to be covered with semen. If soul enters a barren/menopausal woman it will sit in the womb till the woman dies).
As eggs of a fowl are in a cluster, if more than one soul has to be reincarnated as chickens, one hen may have more than one soul residing in its womb. A woman who has multiple births must have up to eight souls in her womb.
If the soul enters the womb of living things “through any one of the openings of the body” how does the soul enter a plant when it has to be reborn in the vegetable kingdom?
The Swami states: “He (God) caused the soul to enter the body and He Himself entered the soul thereafter.”(Light of Truth, p.227). As God enters the soul which is incarnated as dogs, rats, cats, and pigs, God eats all the things these animals eat, and dwells in the same conditions as these animals dwell.(?)
Swami Prabhupada notes (in his Purport to Bhagavad-Gita As It Is, 2:17): “This soul is described as one ten-thousandth part of the upper portion of the hair point in size.”
As the soul may occupy a form according to its karma, assuming that there is an individual in North America whose karma dictates that his soul must reborn at the bottom and work its way up again to human form, i.e. from tree to bird to fish to rhino to camel to…
Then, after spending his life as an apple tree in B.C. and waiting for it to die or be hewn; and if karma then dictates that he should be a ghost shark, the soul –this “one ten-thousandth part of the upper portion of the hair point in size” particle– must now chart its way to the Atlantic and navigate down thousands of feet of water to the ocean floor to unite with this fish; then to the forest of South America into the egg of a harpy eagle; then over mountains and oceans, probably battling storms and hurricanes, to Africa to seek out a rhino and inhabit her; then over to Arabia to implant into a camel..…and finally, if it is the will of karma, back to North America or Europe to become a blue-eyed blonde; or to the Amazon jungle to be an “Arawak” Indian. (???)
Since some trees, such as the redwood, live thousands of years then the soul is ‘trapped’ for a longer period as plants than as humans and other creatures. (???).
If karma returns a person as a human, which must be the result of righteous living in a past life, that person should not die as a babe or youth; but there are thousands who die when yet a baby or a youth. Or are still-born.
Souls do not come from anyplace to join with the body. Soul is latent in sperm much as fragrance is latent in the seed of a plant and “spark is latent in flint”: “Then We make the life-germ a clot…then We clothe the bones with flesh, then We cause it to grow into another creation–(Qur’an 23:12-14). As fragrance, though a different medium, manifests from the seed, soul, though a different medium, manifests from the body.
If people are subjected to karma and reincarnation there should not be a Judicial System as victims of crimes are only being repaid for crimes they committed in a past life. Women who are gang-raped must have been a man in a past life and having raped several women at once for her to now be gang-raped in turn (karma).
(Sikhism and Buddhism also teach Karma and Reincarnation. Thus followers of these non-Divine doctrines cannot be disciples of God).
Hindus are divided on the state of the reincarnated soul. “The Vedas explain that the soul…may inhabit any of 8,400,000 general species of material bodies…the primitive microbes and amoebas…the aquatic, plant, insect, reptile, bird, and animal species, and culminating in human beings and demi-gods”–(The Higher Taste, published,. International Society for Krishna Consciousness, pp. 38, 39). But the sage Uddalaka Aruni taught his son: “Whatever these creatures are here, whether a lion, or a wolf, or a boar, or a worm, or a midge, or a gnat, or a mosquito, that they become again and again” (they do not reincarnate into other kingdoms)–Lin Yutang, Wisdom of India, p. 30. (Emphasis added).
If karma and reincarnation were Divine expressions, it would be expected that there should be no difference between the various schools of Hinduism, as to the type of creatures into which one is reincarnated.
Hindus are divided as to the status of the soul after its emancipation from the cycle of deaths and births. Whereas Swami Dayananda is of the view that “The emancipated soul ….is again born into this world;” it is said that “All other writers teach and all the world believes that the Emancipation is that condition from which no soul returns to this world and becomes subject to births and deaths”–(Light of Truth, p. 285. Emphasis added). If the Vedas were clear on this issue –and it is expected that cardinal doctrines of a religion be clearly expressed and not left to the function of interpretation– it is hardly likely that there would be opposing views.
Notably, “Liberation” (moksa) of the soul from the cycle of deaths and births is “attainable only by a male of twice-born genus who has followed the sacrificial code through the three life stages of student, householder, and forest dweller”–(Ency; Brit; 15th Ed; Vol. 3, p. 988). (For more see Hinduism & women).
6. There is no place in the Bible where God says He came as Jesus or that He incarnated Himself as Jesus. There is no place in the Bible where Jesus says he is God or he is God incarnate. The belief that Jesus is God and part of a Trinity with God are assumed and propagated as Divine truths. In fact, Christianity –that Jesus is God, Trinity, inherited sin and vicarious atonement– has no Divine foundation, no prophetic foundation, no logical foundation, and is repugnant to reason. (See CHRISTIANITY-LIES, EVIL, HATE).
Whereas some Bibles have the verse of 1 John 5:7: “For there are three that bear record in heaven, the Father, the Word, and the Holy Ghost: and these three are one” (which is assumed to be Trinity) the Gideons New American Standard Bible (1973) does not have this verse (whose Bible is the correct one?) Significantly, this statement was NOT made by Jesus, but by John. It does not mean Father, Word (as Jesus is referred to) and Holy Ghost are one: it means the “record” of these three is “one”–i.e. they are in agreement: they do not contradict the other. (In other words, the words that the prophet teaches his people are the words that he received from the angel of revelation, which words were given to the angel by God). Khwaja Kamal-ud-Din notes:
“The term word, used in St. John, which stands for the Greek word Logos, is an inadequate rendering. In all his writings Philo speaks of Logos,–a philosophic conception of later growth and a development of the “Idea of Plato,” in his theory of Emanation. It does not mean Word; it conveys “Thought as well as expression.” Plato, when dealing with the subject, spoke of something –as the first thing in creation that may be styled “Reason or Wisdom”– the first product of Herbert Spencer’s “First Intelligent Cause.” Notably, Philo “lived and wrote all this one hundred years before the writers, whosoever they may be, of that Gospel.” (The Sources of Christianity, pp. 76-77. For this book see www.muslim.org).
“Trinity, the doctrine of God taught by Christianity that asserts that God is one in essence but three in “person,” Father, Son, and Holy Spirit. Neither the word Trinity, nor the explicit doctrine as such, appears in the New Testament, nor did Jesus and his followers intend to contradict the Sheema of the Old Testament: “Hear. O Israel: The Lord our God is one Lord” (Deut. 6:4). The earliest Christians, however, had to cope with the implications of the coming of Jesus Christ and of the presence and power of God among them –i.e. the Holy spirit whose coming was connected with the celebration of the Pentecost. The Father, Son, and Holy Spirit were associated in such New Testament passages as the Great Commission: “Go therefore and make disciples of all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit” (Matt. 28:19) and in the apostolic benediction: “The grace of the Lord Jesus Christ and the love of God and the fellowship of the Holy Spirit be with you all” (II Cor. 13:14). Thus, the New Testament established the basis for the doctrine of Trinity.
The doctrine developed gradually over several centuries and through many controversies. Initially, both the requirements of monotheism inherited from the Old Testament and the implications of the need to interpret the biblical teaching to Greco-Roman paganism seemed to demand that the divine in Christ as the Word, or Logos, be interpreted as subordinate to the Supreme Being. An alternative solution was to interpret Father, Son, and Holy Spirit as three modes of the self-disclosure of the one God but not as distinct within the being of God itself. The first tendency recognized the distinctness among the three, but at the cost of their equality and hence of their unity (subordinationism); the second came to terms with their unity, but at the cost of their distinctness as “persons” (modalism). It was not until the 4th. century that the distinctness of the three and their unity were brought together in a single orthodox doctrine of one essence and three persons.
The Council of Nicaea in 325 stated the crucial formula for that doctrine in its confession that the Son is “of the same essence [homoousios] as the Father,” even though it said very little about the Holy Spirit. Over the next half century, Athanasius defended and refined the Nicene formula, and, by the end of the 4th. Century, under the leadership of Basil of Caesarea, Gregory of Nyssa, and Gregory of Nazianzus (the Cappadocian Fathers) the doctrine of the Trinity took substantially the form it has maintained ever since.”–(Ency. Britannica; Vol. X, art; Trinity, p. 126. Emphasis added).
“Early in the Christian era the Devil got in his work for the purpose of confusing men concerning these very questions. The clergy have at all times posed as the representatives of God on earth. Satan overreached the minds of these clergymen and injected into their minds doctrines, which doctrines the clergy have taught the people concerning Jesus and his sacrifice. These doctrines have brought great confusion. The apostles taught the truth, but it was not long after their death until the Devil found clergyman wise in his own conceit who thought he could teach more than the inspired apostles.
“The doctrine of the trinity was first introduced into the Christian church by a clergyman of Antioch named Theophilus. The doctrine so taught by that clergyman, and which since has been followed by others, is in brief, that there are three gods in one, to wit, God the Father, God the son, and God the holy ghost, all three in power, substance and eternity.”a
“A council of the clergy was held at Nicea, in 325 A.D. which council confirmed the doctrine of trinity, and later a similar council at Constantinople, by conforming the divinity of Holy Ghost and the unity of God, declared the doctrine of the trinity in unity to be the doctrine of the church. The clergy have ever held to this senseless God-dishonoring doctrine…If you ask a clergyman what is meant by the trinity he says: “That is mystery.” He does not know, and no one else knows, because it is false. Never was there a more deceptive doctrine advanced than that of the trinity. It could have originated only in one mind, and that the mind of Satan the Devil.”b–(Quotes taken from A.H. Vidyarthi, Muhammad in World Scriptures, Vol. 1, pp. 312-313. a J. F. Rutherford the Founder of Watch Tower Society. b The creed of the Church of England. Emphasis added).
Prof. Abdul Ahad Dawud B.D. –“the former Reverend David Benjamin Keldani, B.D., a Roman Catholic priest of the Uniate-Chaldean sect”– notes:
“More than sixteen Ecumenical Councils have been summoned to define the religion of Christianity, only to be discovered by the Synod of the Vatican in the nineteenth century that the mysteries of the “Infallibility” and the “Immaculate Conception” were two of the principal dogmas, both unknown to the Apostle Peter and the Blessed Virgin Mary! Any faith or religion dependent upon the deliberations and decisions of General Synods –holy or heretical– is artificial and human. The religion of Islam is the belief in one Allāh and absolute resignation to His will, and this faith is professed by the angels in heaven and by the Muslims on earth. It is the religion of sanctification and of enlightenment, and an impregnable bulwark against idolatry.”–(Muhammad in the Bible, pp. 191-192. Emphasis added. (For more on this see Jesus as God; Jesus-Trinity; Jesus & God are one).
There is no place in the Bible where God says He puts Adam’s sin onto everyone and that he sent Jesus to be killed for this sin. There is no place in the Bible where Jesus says God put Adam’s sin onto everyone and sent him to be killed for this sin.
That the “wages of sin is death” and inherited sin and vicarious atonement were devised by Paul and institutionalized by the Church:
“The Christian Church had caused a General Council of the Church dignitaries to be appointed in A.D. 325 in which certain doctrines were made to be the foundation of the Christian Church, and belief therein was made essential for one to be Christian. This is known as the Nicene Creed. Under this, the confirmed doctrine of Atonement may be explained as follows:
(i) Adam (and Eve) committed a Sin, and this Sin was inherited by their descendants.
(ii) The attribute of “Justice” in God demanded that a sin must be punished, for the wage of Sin is death.
(iii) God sent his son Jesus Christ to this world, so that he may die on the Cross an “accursed” death, and after spending some time in Hell, atone for the Sins of the human race, and then be resurrected again.”–(M.A. Faruqui, M.A. The Crumbling of the Cross, pp. 109-110). (Note, these are Christians’ assumptions NOT Divine doctrines. Whereas Christians say God sent His SON, according to Christians who say Jesus is God, GOD sent GOD/HIMSELF to die for sins. If God sent Jesus to be “Justice” for inherited sin, babies born after Jesus should not have “sin”;. and as sin came automatically unto everyone, Jesus’ death should automatically free everyone; one should not have to believe in him to be free of sin).
To say that God incarnated Himself as Jesus is to say God went (and how? as a sperm? and whose?) into Mary’s belly for nine months, went through the various stages of fetal development, emerged from her vagina, sucked her breasts and had the Jews circumcised His foreskin (astaghferullāh!); making Mary “Mother of God” and reducing God to “Son of Mary” –son of a woman He created; which is blasphemy of the highest order.
And clearly, a woman could not be “mother of God;” God being First and Creator of all could not have a mother.
The Bible–(Job 4:17; 25:4) states: “shall a man be more pure than his maker?” “How then can man be justified with God? or HOW CAN HE BE CLEAN THAT IS BORN OF A WOMAN?” in which event, according to Christians, Adam, Eve, and “Melchisedec” (Heb.7:1-3) not born from a woman are cleaner than God. (As Jesus is said to be God and was born of a woman, Jesus is a God of the womb –Christians worship a womb-God).
There is NO Trinity! GOD DECREED that Jesus is only to be “CALLED” Son of God: “The Holy Ghost shall come upon thee (Mary)….the holy thing which shall be born of thee shall be CALLED the Son of God”–(Luke 1:35). As Jesus is only “CALLED” son of God then ipso facto there could NOT be a Trinity –as Trinity is based on there being an actual son of God and there was/is NO actual son of God!
Son of God is only an epithet of honor: “the Lord came unto Nathan, saying, Go and tell my servant David….I will be his father, and he shall be my son”–(2 Samuel 7:4, 5, 14). The Bible is pregnant with sons of God (See Jesus-Son of God).
Notably, the Gospels say: “The Holy Ghost shall come upon thee (Mary)…and the power of the Highest shall overshadow thee” and “that which is conceived in her (Mary) is of the Holy Ghost”–(Luke 1:35; Matt. 1:20). If Jesus is God and one in a Trinity with God, and as the Father, Son, and Holy Ghost are said to be one, then Jesus, as the Holy Ghost and as the Highest, came upon his own mother and effected his own conception with his mother. (???) (For more on inherited sin and vicarious atonement see Jesus-inherited sin to ascension).
7. Christians opine that God had MADE TO LIVE FOREVER but Adam eating the forbidden fruit brought sin, suffering and death onto man. That God had made man to live forever implies that man was indestructible; that no one and nothing (not even “kryptonite”) could kill or destroy him. Rather than dig for ancient bones the experts should hunt for this “tree of life.” Perhaps in the past 6,000 years someone has found and eaten from this tree and will live forever.
The Bible says God created Adam and Eve, the first humans–(Gen. 1:26-27; 2:18-23). And their first children were Cain and Abel–(Gen. 4:1-2). After Cain killed Abel “Cain went out from the presence of the Lord and dwelt in the land of Nod, on the east of Eden. And Cain KNEW HIS WIFE; and she conceived”–(Genesis 4:16-17).
Since Adam and Eve were the first humans and they did not have any other children till later–(Genesis 4:25), there must have been other humans in the land of Nod who were NOT descended from Adam and Eve for Cain to have taken a wife.
And since “death” came because Eve and Adam ate from the forbidden tree then the people of Nod, NOT descended from Adam and Eve, would have been free from “death.” In which event the people of Nod are still living and will live forever.
Perhaps researchers can invest some effort to find at least one of these Nodites who should be at least 5,000 years old and have him/her carbon-dated for antiquity.
In fact, Nodites should be easy to find considering that they did not descend from Adam and Eve and thus are free from the “wage of sin” and therefore free from “death,” earth should have more “immortal” Nodites than the seven billion “mortal” Adamites.
The people of Nod not being of Noah’s people and not being descended from Adam and therefore free of “inherited sin” and thus not subject to dying could NOT have perished in the flood of Noah. Moreover, there is evidence that the Flood was NOT a global occurrence –see Maurice Bucaille, The Bible, The Qur’an, And Science, p.34).
There is much speculation that Cain’s wife must have been his sister or other female family member. But that’s all it is –speculation. The Bible is clear that it was 130 years after Cain and Abel that Adam had other children, beginning with Seth, their third child. After Cain went to Nod and fathered “Enoch” the Bible says, “And Adam knew his wife again; and she bare a son, and called his name Seth; For God, saith she (Eve) hath appointed me ANOTHER seed INSTEAD of Abel, whom Cain slew”–(Genesis 4:25).
That Adam and Eve did not have any children and certainly not any daughter or extended family for Cain to take as wife is made even clearer in these verses which show that daughters were born more than 130 years after Cain and Abel: “This is the book of the generations of Adam…And Adam lived an hundred and thirty years, and begat a son in his own likeness, after his image; and called his name Seth. And the days of Adam AFTER he had begotten Seth were eight hundred years: and he begat SONS AND DAUGHTERS: And all the days that Adam lived were nine hundred and thirty years: and he died”–(Genesis 5:1-5).
That there were pre-Adamites is supported by archaeology and paleontology. Human bones found in Ethiopia –“Kibish River Skull,” 195,000 years old– and human teeth in Israel –400,000 years old– have negated the Biblical view that man is only 5,000 years old.
Cain’s wife, according to Biblical narrative, could only have been a pre-Adamite –a Nodite. And given the Christian belief of inherited sin and vicarious atonement the pre-Adamites, having NOT descended from Adam are, as stated, immortal.
That this “death” referred to in Genesis 2:16-17 above is NOT physical death but SPIRITUAL death is gleaned from the fact that Adam did not die “in the day” he ate from the forbidden tree; he lived hundreds of years afterwards to the age of 930 years–(Genesis 5:5). But Adam and Eve DID “surely die” a SPIRITUAL death –he and Eve were cut off from Divine grace– on the very day they ate from the forbidden tree as they were then cast out from the Garden of Eden: “And unto Adam He (God) said, Because thou hast hearkened unto the voice of thy wife, and hast eaten of the tree…Therefore the Lord God sent him forth from the garden of Eden”–(Genesis 3:17-23).
That God did not make man to live forever and that Adam and Eve suffered SPIRITUAL death and NOT “physical” death is further confirmed by God. After Adam and Eve had eaten from the forbidden tree and Eve was decreed to be ruled over by her husband and Adam to toil the ground etc;: “And the Lord God said, Behold, the man is become as one of us, to KNOW GOOD AND EVIL: and now, lest he put forth his hand, and TAKE ALSO OF THE TREE OF LIFE, and eat, AND LIVE FOR EVER: Therefore the Lord God sent him forth from the garden of Eden.”–Genesis 3:22-23).
The tree that Adam and Eve ate from was the “tree of the knowledge of GOOD AND EVIL” NOT the tree of eternal life. As stated in the verse, God sent away Adam and Eve BEFORE they could eat from the “tree of life” and “live for ever.” (That God was afraid Adam/man would live “forever” shows that God would not have been able to kill or have control over Adam/man. Thus, there would have been no need to fear God and do good. It also shows that if Adam was given life “forever” Adam could not have “died” from eating from the forbidden tree).
Thus, clearly and conclusively, God did NOT make man to “live forever.” “Death” did NOT come into the world because of Adam’s sin. The “wages of sin” is NOT death. As there was/is no inherited sin there is no vicarious atonement and no ransom for ‘sins.”
Reasoning also shows that God did not make man to live forever. If God had made man to live forever, today there would be seven billion people (plus those who died since the beginning of creation), and with the billions yet to come earth at some point would likely be over-populated (bearing in mind man was made to fill the earth and there is no birth control and a woman can give birth at least ten times, we would already be crammed).
Which over-population would likely have bred its own crimes of “death”: ‘survival of the fittest.’ (God would have had to take people to another planet, though He did not say this in the Bible).
And factoring in animals (not counting the tyrannosaurus rex and brontosaurus and other behemoths) man would become food for some of them, and the earth would have become a dust bowl in the fight for vegetables (if we would have space for agriculture), which would lead to a pandemic of starvation and more cries for “death.” (If man was to live forever at what age would his physical growth and change in features stop?)
As noted, God forbade Adam and Eve to eat of the “tree of knowledge of good and evil;” and after they had eaten “the eyes of them both were opened, and they knew they were NAKED”–(Genesis 3:7).
Thus, if God had made man to live forever, according to Christian-belief God had intended to have man ignorant and naked –no better than animals. Which would suggest that man would probably be only eating, praying and hanging around “naked” in an earth that resembled an “al fresco” bordello (as there would be no knowledge of “good and evil”) honoring the command to “Be fruitful, and multiply, and replenish the earth.” And maybe breeding his own strain of syphilis, gonorrhea and other STD’s. (Which would give a new slant to Julia Roberts “Eat, Pray, Love”).
But God could not have made man in His “own image” to have him dwell in ignorance and nakedness –(Genesis 1:27-28).
Allāh God did not make man to live forever. Allāh created life and death as a trial for us: “Blessed is He in Whose hand is the Kingdom, and He is Possessor of power over all things, Who created death and life that He might try you—which of you is best in deeds. And He is the Mighty, the Forgiving”–(Qur’an 67:2).
Even if God had made man to live forever yet this would not have made Jesus God or son of God or vicarious atoner or that mankind inherited sin from Adam.
8. Regarding critics claim that the Hajj is taken from pagan practice. Since Allah “pointed” out the place of the Ka’ba to Abraham which seemed to predate Abraham–Qur’an 14:37); and Abraham and Ishmael raised the foundation of this House–(Qur’an 2:127); and Allah covenanted with Abraham and Ishmael to sanctify His house (the Ka’ba) “for those who compass it round”–(Qur’an 2:125); and all this was done before idolatry and before Judaism (as Arabs and Jews are descended from Ishmael and Isaac, respectively)..
And if the Ka’ba later came under the possession of the idolaters who undertook the practice of making circuits around it, and when the Ka’ba came into the control of Muslims who then observed this injunction to “compass” it, it would be poor cerebration to charge that Muslims copied this circuit round the Ka’ba from the idolaters; when in fact, it was the idolaters who adopted this act which was enjoined by Allāh to Muslims. (For more see HAJJ/PILGRIMAGE).
9. God said to Moses: “The Lord thy God will raise up unto thee (Israelites) a Prophet from the midst of thee, of thy brethren, like unto me (Moses); unto him ye shall hearken,” “And I will raise them up a Prophet from among their brethren, like unto thee (Moses), and will put my words in his mouth; and he shall speak unto them all that I shall command him”–(Deuteronomy 18:15, 18). If Jesus Christ is this prophet like Moses as Christians claim, then the Christians’ Godhead would be a Quintinity –God the Father, God the Son, God the Holy Ghost and God the prophet like Moses).
Ishmael and Isaac had one common parent, Abraham. Thus, their children –Arabs and Israelites– are “brethren” of the other. Mohammad is the “brethren” of the Israelites.
Further, God said about this prophet like Moses, “I…will put my words in his mouth; and he shall speak unto them all that I shall command him. And it shall come to pass, that whosoever will not hearken unto my words which he shall speak in my name, I WILL REQUIRE IT OF HIM” (“I Myself will call him to account” as The Jewish Publication Society of America has it)–(Deut. 18:18-19). The Qur’an –which begins “In the name of Allāh God”– is the “words” which God put into the mouth of the Prophet Mohammad through the Angel Gabriel.
JUDAISM was Divinely decreed to end upon the advent of Shiloh: “The sceptre shall not depart from Judah, nor a law-giver from between his feet until Shiloh come; and UNTO HIM shall the gathering of the people be.”–(Genesis 49:10).
Prof. Abdul Ahad Dawud –“the former Reverend David Benjamin Keldani, B.D., a Roman Catholic priest of the Uniate-Chaldean sect”– has explained that this prophecy cannot apply to Moses, David, or Jesus, but that it could relate only to Mohammad because “Muhammad came with military power and the Qur‘an to replace the old Jewish worn-out sceptre and the impracticable and old-fashioned law of sacrifices and of a corrupt priesthood” –(Muhammad in the Bible, pp. 54-58).
Equally significant. Contrary to Jews expectation of a Messiah in the last days to redeem them, not only is there no Biblical Jews in present days –it is doubtful a Jew can identify himself with any of the Twelve Tribes of Jacob/Israel– this Jewish belief has no Divine foundation:
“The Old Testament never speaks of an eschatological messiah –one inaugurating the last times– and even the “messianic” passages containing prophecies of a future golden age under an ideal king never use this term. Nevertheless, many modern scholars hold that Israelite messianism grew out of beliefs connected with kingship…When the vicissitudes of actual reality and the careers of particular historic kings proved more and more disappointing, the messianic kingship ideology was projected onto the future. With the declining national fortunes of Israel, whose political kingdoms were conquered or even abolished by the great empires (Assyria, Babylonia, etc), the notion developed of the eschatological messiah-king.”–(Ency Brit; 15th Edn; Vol; 11; Art; Judaism;.p.1018).
Elias, whom Jews are expecting, already returned as John the Baptist, as Jesus says–(Matt. 11:11-14; 17:10-13, If John is not Elias Jesus, the Christian’s God/Son of God, is wrong).
God sending a Messiah to redeem Jews would contradict His decree that power and prophethood would be taken from the Israelites, who are to follow Shiloh; contradict His sending a prophet like Moses, whom the Israelites are to follow; contradict His sending the Comforter who will give “all truth” and “abide for ever,” as Jesus says–(John 14:15-16; 16:12-13); and contradict His taking His kingdom from Jews and giving it to another people, as Jesus says–(Matthew 21:43).
10. Regarding the Comforter foretold by Jesus who will bring “all truth” and “abide for ever,” and whom Christians claim is the Holy Spirit, Abdul Ahad Dawud B.D. –“the former Reverend David Benjamin Keldani, B.D., a Roman Catholic priest of the Uniate-Chaldean sect”– points out:
“The Holy Spirit, in all the Christian literature of diverse languages, has not a fixed gender. He, she, it, are all commonly used as the personal pronouns for the Holy Ghost;” And “The Comforter –the Spirit of Truth– spoken of by Jesus was no other than Muhammad himself. It cannot be taken as the Holy Ghost, as the Church theology says. “It is expedient for you that I go away,” says Jesus, “for if I go not away the Comforter will not come unto you, but if I depart I will send him unto you”(John 16:7). The words clearly show that the Comforter had to come after the departure of Jesus, and was not with him when he uttered these words. Are we to presume that Jesus was devoid of the Holy Ghost if his coming was conditional on the going of Jesus: besides, the way in which Jesus describes him makes him a human being, not a ghost. “He shall not speak of himself, but whatsoever he shall hear that he shall speak” (John 16:13). Should we presume that the Holy Ghost and God are two distinct entities and that the Holy Ghost speaks of himself and also what he hears from God? The words of Jesus clearly refer to some messenger from God. He calls him the Spirit of Truth, and so the Qur‘an speaks of Muhammad, “Nay, he has come with the Truth and verified the apostles”(Qur’an 37:37) (Muhammad In The Bible, p. 6).
11. Jesus said to the man who asked him what he must do in order to enter into life: “If thou wilt enter into life keep the commandments”–(Matt. 19:16-19). God sent Jesus wholly and solely ONLY FOR JEWS:
-go not to the Gentiles and the Samaritans, but “to the lost sheep of the house of Israel”–(Matt. 10:5-6).
-“I am not sent but unto the lost sheep of the house of Israel”–(Matt. 15:24).
-“I pray for them (Jews): I pray not for the world”–(John 17:9).
-“For the Son of man is come to seek and save that (Jews) which was lost” (Luke 19:10. Matthew 18:11).
.Jesus considered non-Jews “dogs” and “swine”: “Give not that which is holy unto the dogs, neither cast ye your pearls before swine”–(Matthew 7:6; 15:26);
-Jesus preached in parables so these metaphorical dogs and swine would not understand and be saved (the real dogs and swine are the ones running around on all-fours going arf! arf! and oink! oink!): after relating the parable of the sower to the people Jesus said to them: “He that hath ears to hear, let him hear;” and, afterwards, when he (Jesus) was alone with the Israelites they asked him about the meaning of the parable: “And he said unto them, Unto you (who have God) it is given to know the mystery of the kingdom of God: but unto them (non-Jews) that are without (God), all these things are done in parables: That seeing they may see, and not perceive; and hearing they may hear, and not understand; lest at any time they should be converted, and their sins should be forgiven them”–(Mark 4:9-12).
As prophet, Jesus could not turn away anyone; this is why he indulged non-Jews; but he could avoid them, which he did, as is evident from his admonition to his disciples not to preach to non-Jews, and from his speaking in parables so that they would not understand.
This statement by Jesus also proves that Jesus did NOT come to save sinners or to die for anyone’s sin.
Jesus also declared he was a Muslim (one who submits to the will of God) and he taught Islam (submission to God):
Jesus a MUSLIM:
-“My meat is to do the will of HIM (God) that sent me and to finish HIS work;”
-“I seek NOT MY OWN WILL, but the WILL OF THE FATHER…If I bear witness of myself, my witness is NOT TRUE;”
-“I came…not to do mine own will, BUT THE WILL OF HIM THAT SENT ME;”
-“My doctrine is not mine, BUT HIS THAT SENT ME;”
-“HE (God) gave me a commandment, WHAT I SHOULD SAY, AND WHAT I SHOULD SPEAK”–(John 4:34; 5:30-31; 6:38; 7:16; 12:49).
-“I have glorified thee on the earth: I HAVE FINISHED THE WORK WHICH THOU GAVEST ME TO DO’–(John 17:4. If Jesus had come to die for the sins of the world, he could not have said that his work was finished. As Jesus completed his mission there is no return).
-“I have manifested thy name unto the men (the Jews) which THOU GAVEST ME out of the world”–(John 17:6. If Jesus was sent to the world he could not have been given some men “out of the world”: he would have been given all men of the world). If Jesus was God or Son of God, the Christian’s God and Son of God is/was a MUSLIM.
Jesus taught ISLAM:
-“The scribes and the Pharisees sit in Moses’ seat: ALL therefore WHATSOEVER they bid you observe, that OBSERVE AND DO;”
-“if thou wilt enter into life, KEEP THE COMMANDMENTS (brought by Moses);
-“except your RIGHTEOUSNESS shall exceed the righteousness of the scribes and Pharisees, YE SHALL IN NO CASE ENTER INTO THE KINGDOM OF HEAVEN”–(Matthew 23:2-3; 19:17-18; 5:20). And the Mosaic law does not teach inherited sin and vicarious atonement). Since following the Mosaic law is what is required to get into heaven THERE IS NO NEED FOR JESUS! JESUS IS REDUNDANT!
Since Jesus declared he was a prophet of God sent only to Jews and he taught Islam. How then did Jesus become God, Trinity, Son of God, scape-goat for inherited sin and heavenly king for a 1000-YEAR RULE in future-world? Let the scholars tell it:
“David was Israel’s first successful king….
David became the prototype of an awaited Messiah. As symbol of the Messiah, the return of David, or the coming of David’s “son” stood for the reassertion of the divine rule and presence in history: to judge it, to redeem it, to renew it. David thus became the symbol of a fulfilment in the future, final peace.
In the apocalyptic developments in Judaism that mark the last two pre-Christian centuries, the symbolic rule of David stressed his status as divine mediator. The son of David became more emphatically a heavenly figure, the son of God enthroned to rule over the nations of the world. This was the matrix for the rise of Christianity. The new faith interpreted the career of Jesus by means of the titles and functions assigned to David in the mysticism of the Zion cult, in which he served as priest-king and in which he was the mediator between God and man.” A
“Revelation to John appears to be a collection of separate units composed by unknown authors who lived during the last quarter of the first century, though it purports to have been written by John…
Although Christ is clearly the central figure of Revelation, an understanding of the text presupposes familiarity with the Old Testament language and concepts, especially those taken from the books of Daniel and Ezekiel …References to a “thousand years” (ch. 20) have led some to expect that the final victory over evil will come after the completion of some millennium.” B
“One of the most pervading and dominant mythological themes to be noted in the New Testament and the writings of the subapostolic church (late 1st–early 2nd centuries) was that of the ages of the world. Derived from Indo-Iranian (or Indo-European) sources and transformed through Jewish concepts of history, the theme of the ages of the world that most influenced Christianity came from the apocalyptic speculation that flourished during the period of the rise of Christianity.
…It was Iranian mythological concepts of the ages of the world, translated though Jewish apocalyptic views, that most influenced Christian views of time, history, and man’s ultimate destiny.
…The theme of the ages of the world and its attendant subthemes that came primarily from Iranian mythology were transformed by apocalyptic literature––which flourished in Judaism and then Christianity from about the 2nd century BC to about 2nd century AD––into a historical context, though Zoroastrian had done this in reference to the last age. Indo-Iranian myth was thus historicized through the Judeo-Christian view of historical time as the arena of struggle between good and evil. The four ages of the world in Christianity are: (1) from creation of the world and man to the Fall of man; (2) from the Fall of man to the first advent of Christ; (3) from the first to the second advent of Christ, which includes the 1,000-year reign of Christ and his saints and the Last Judgment; and (4) the creation of a new heaven and a new earth in which those who have chosen the good (i.e., Christ) will live in eternity.”C
(AEncy. Britannica, 15th, ed; Vol. 5; art. David; Nation Builder, and Messianic symbol, pp. 518, 519.
BEncy. Brit. 15th Edn; Vol. VIII, art. Revelation to John, p. 537.
C Ency Brit. 15th Edn; Vol. 4, art. Myth and legend from the 1st to the early 2nd centuries, pp. 551-552).
Note well these Christian apocalyptic writings are not Divine revelations. They are Christian inventions that are based on the “mythology” of other people(s). The imageries in the Book of Revelation are either echoes from Old Testament writings or Christian imaginations.
Even if Jesus was to return a million times yet this would not make Jesus God or son of God or one in a Trinity with God or vicarious atoner or that mankind inherited sin from Adam.
Even if Jesus had come to die for sin it would have been only for the sin of the Jews, the people to whom he was sent.
That Christ said to preach the Gospels to all nations and baptize people in the name of the Father, Son, and Holy Ghost, Khwaja Kamal-ud-Din wrote in his Open Letters to the Bishops of Salisbury & London (pp.31-32):
“The concluding eleven verses of St. Mark-(16:9-20) and the well-known verse of St. Matthew-(28:19), speaking of the Son and the Father and the Holy Ghost, are forgeries, an admitted addition to the ancient MSS (manuscripts). The fact was discovered by the first translator of the Bible into English and they made a marginal note in their version of the Bible which continued for some time. But we do not find the said note in any of the copies now published by the said society (Foreign Mission Society). Is it fair and honest to keep others in darkness as to the true value of the contents of the Bible? The reader must know that concluding portion of St. Mark and the verse in St. Matthew are spurious and a subsequent addition. But I am afraid the Foreign Mission would not allow the correction. It would tell against their very Mission, if they eliminate the verse from St. Matthew; they lose the only pillar that supports the structure of the Trinity. No other verse in the whole Scripture speaks of it. The said eleven verses of St. Mark are the only justification for the existence of the Foreign Mission. You, as well as I, know, my Lord, that the call to Jesus came solely and wholly from Judaism. He came only to gather the scattered sheep and would not give the children’s bread to the dogs, the world beyond the Israelites. The Foreign Mission is a mere trespass on lands forbidden by the Master. It transcends the limit marked by Jesus. Throughout his life the Gentiles and others did not concern him: they were the swine. Then came the make-believe Resurrection, and they say the Master changed his mind as to his mission and ordered it to be carried to the four corners of the world (indicating that he was unsure of his mission), but this all depends upon the questionable verses of St. Mark, and hence their retention in the Bible. St. Matthew is no authority on this point. The word “nations” there is a mistranslation and a wrong substitute for “the tribes”–the rest of the Jewish tribes scattered all over the world. This being the case, the Mission cannot afford to eliminate the verses from their version, nor will they put marginal notes, as did the old versions, to show the true nature of the verses.5 It would weaken the cause and show the futility of their status, since in carrying on evangelical work in the non-Christian world they are acting against the express admonition of the Master. It may be that reasons other than religion are at the back of it all, and goading their activities, but decency, if not religion, assuredly demands the publishing of things as they are.” (Incidentally, Jesus says: “this gospel…shall be preached in all the world….then shall the end come”–(Matthew 24:14. So if a nation outlaws the gospel the world will not end).
Ahmed Deedat exposes in his booklet Is the Bible God’s Word?
-the word “VIRGIN” in Isaiah 7:14 has been replaced with the phrase “a young woman” in the RSV Bible;
-the word “BEGOTTEN” of “begotten son” of John 3:16, has been “excised;” the verse of 1-John 5:7 which speaks of the Father, the Word, and the Holy Ghost (the Trinity) “has also been scrapped from the RSV” Bible;
-the verses of Mark 16:19 and Luke 24:51 which refer to the Ascension of Jesus were “expunged” but later “restored to the text.”
Deedat also notes that while these terms have been “unceremoniously excised” from English Bibles, they are retained in the Bible’s nearly 1500 other languages. (Such is the Church’s deception and desperation to snare the innocent native into eating the “body” and drinking the mythical “blood” of Christ –SPIRITUAL CANNIBALISM. This is probably the lowest depth of spiritual depravity. Christians also take on the role of “wolves in sheep’s clothing” to lead Muslim astray, see CHRISTIANS–STEALTH CRUSADE AGAINST MUSLIMS).
While mythology may have its purpose in certain areas of life, the road to God needs no human embellishments or inventions.
To say things in the name of God which God did not say is blasphemy. And blasphemy against God, as Jesus says, has no forgiveness: “But he that shall blaspheme against the Holy Ghost hath never forgiveness, but is in danger of eternal damnation”–(Mark 3:29).
And “damnation” is Hell–the “furnace of fire,” the “everlasting fire” that “never shall be quenched,” as Jesus says, in which there shall be “wailing and gnashing of teeth”–(Matthew 23:14, 33; 13:42; 18:8; Mark 9:43. Those who do not have teeth shall bear it on their gums).
12. The Gospel of John chapter 3 verse 16 that says: “For God so loved the world, that He gave His only begotten son that whosoever believeth in him should not perish, but have everlasting life” is NOT about Jesus dying for sins.
When taken in its context, from verses 2-15, it shows that Jesus was having a conversation with Nicodemus who concluded that from his miracles Jesus could only be a man from God.
Jesus answered that man must undergo spiritual birth before he can see the kingdom of God. Jesus then compared himself to the brass serpent Moses lifted up in the wilderness; which serpent had the power to preserve the life of those bitten by a snake–(Num. 21:9), for “as Moses lifted up the serpent in the wilderness, even so must the son of man be lifted up” –the allusion being, as the serpent had power to preserve life of the afflicted on account of their belief on it, likewise, Jews who believed in his (Jesus’) miracles and accept him as a prophet from God (John 8:28) would also be saved: “That whosoever believeth in him should not perish, but have eternal life”–(John 3:14-15).
Then came the verse of John 3:16 which, when expressed in the context of this discussion would convey the full meaning of: “For God so loved the world, that He gave His only begotten son the power to perform miracles that whosoever believeth in him to be from God through these works of miracles should not perish, but have everlasting life.”
Miracles were necessary because the people believed only in miracles: “Except ye see signs and wonders, ye will not believe” –(John 4:48).
Clearly, your doctor chopping off his head cannot cure you of your headache. If one can die for the sin of others then one can take medication and laxative to free others of ailment and constipation –vicarious refreshment.
To infer that John 3:16 is about crucifixion is to inject a meaning that is alien to the subject. That Jesus is saying God “gave” him to be “crucified” for sinners and for him to pray pitifully to be spared from this glory and to indict God as having “forsaken” him must be the blackest degree of disgrace exampled by a son of God in Scriptural history: “My God, my God, why hast thou forsaken me?”–(Matthew 27:46).
A soldier who refuses to fight in an illegal and unjust war is hounded and charged and jailed as a deserter and a disgrace.
Consider then, the “son of God” entrusted with the lofty honor of dying for the sins of the world; for him to pray to tears to be spared this glory and to blame God as having forsaken him must be the “Mother” of all disgraces.
That there is NO vicarious atonement is further cemented in these statements by Jesus:
-“I am not come to call the righteous, but sinners to REPENTANCE”–(Matthew 9:13. This is how Jesus [and all prophets] saved his people from their sin, by calling them to repentance);
-“I say unto you, there is JOY in the presence of the angels of God over one SINNER that REPENTETH”–(Luke 15:10).
-“For I say unto you, that except your righteousness shall exceed the righteousness of the scribes and Pharisees, ye shall in no case enter into the kingdom of heaven”–(Matthew 5:20);
-“If thou wilt enter into life keep the commandments”–(Matthew 19:16-19);
-“The scribes and the Pharisees sit in Moses’ seat: ALL therefore whatsoever they bid you observe, that observe and do”–(Matt. 23:2. Scribes and Pharisees do not teach inherited sin, vicarious atonement, and crucifixion).
Jesus also contradicts vicarious atonement in his teachings that heaven lies in righteousness and following the Commandments brought by Moses (until the coming of the Comforter who will guide into “all truth” and abide “for ever.” For more on this see Jesus-inherited sin to ascension. (As shown on this site, the most over-represented, over-blown person in the world is Jesus Christ. And that the Church is the ANTI-CHRIST).
13. Khwaja Kamal-ud-Din, Introduction to the Study of the Holy Qur’an, pp. 25-26).
14. Muhammad Ali; Qur’anic comm. #5.
15. That there are two methods of creation: through the process or “evolution” under the laws of God, and through direct intervention or “creation”: “His is the creation and the command”–(Qur’an 7:54). Malik Ghulam Farid comments on this statement in his translation of the Qur’an:
“The distinction between Khalq (creation) and ‘Amr (command) is that while the former word generally means, the measuring out or evolving of a thing out of pre-existing matter, the latter means, bringing into being without matter by uttering the simple command word “be.” The clause, His is the creation and the command, may also mean that God has not only created the universe but He also exercises authority and command over it. ‘Amr also means, the making of laws.”
16. Paul Davies, God and the New Physics, p. 229.
17. James Trefil, The Dark Side of the Universe, p. 8.