ISLAM & COLONIALISM

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In the name of Allāh,
the Beneficent, the Merciful.
Peace and Blessings of Allāh on Mohammad.
DEDICATED TO
Allāh–the Glorious and the High,
Lord of the worlds
AND TO
Mohammad–who brought the world
to our feet and eternity to our arms.
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            ISLAM & COLONIALISM
There is no such concept as “Islamic colonialism.”  The Prophet’s duty was to teach the message of the Qur’an, not to impose it. Muslims are to deliver this message to others, not “colonize” the people. Muslims do not have to secure lands for Allah: the heavens and the earth already belong to Allah.

Islam could not advocate “conquest” of lands and force of religion seeing that Islam forbids aggression and oppression and compulsion. Muslims are required to teach the Qur’anic Message. When the people accept, naturally, the land becomes Muslim lands.

That Muslims went to war with the sword in one hand and the Qur’an in the other in order to force religion at the point of the sword is a gross misconception. As stated, Muslims are required to teach the Qur’anic Message. They take arms on their mission as a means of defense in the event that war is forced upon them.

In contrast it is Christianity that counsels “Colonialism” as enshrined in the Bible: “He that is not with me is against me” (and a person can be neutral)–(Matt. 12:30); “But those mine enemies, which would not that I should rule over them, bring hither, and slay them before me”–(Luke 19:27. Jesus advocates murder). These preposterous statements must be the ones that gave birth to the murderous Crusades; and oversaw the slaughter of legions across the world. In the words of Muhammad Husayn Haykal

“From the dawn of Christianity until today every country of the world has been soaked with blood in the name of Jesus Christ. The Romans and the Byzantines of old as well as the European peoples of modern times are guilty of shedding blood in religious causes. The Crusades were launched and their fires fanned by Christians, not by Muslims. For hundreds of years, one army after another rolled out of Europe in the direction of the Muslim Orient to fight, to destroy, and to shed blood. In every case, the popes who claimed to be the vicars of Jesus Christ, blessed and encouraged these armies and hurried them to Jerusalem and other destinations….The (Christian) missionaries rejoin, “Those were the Middle Ages, ages of darkness, unfit as evidence against Christianity.” If this is an argument on which they pin some hope, let us then turn to the twentieth century in which we now live and which they call “the century of the highest human civilization.” This century has indeed seen the same darkness as did the Middle Ages. Lord Allenby, representing the allied forces of England, France, Italy, Rumania, and America, stopped in Jeru-salem in 1918 after his conquest of that city toward the end of the first World War and said: “Today the Crusades have come to an end.”” (The Life Of Muhammad, p. 213).

The first Crusade against Muslims was launched in 1095 by Pope Urban II. If the Christian Middle-Ages were the “ages of darkness,” then the preceding ages were even “darker.” Why then crab at Mohammad (570-632) who preceded these Crusading “ages of darkness” by more than four centuries, and who was supposed to be a “barbarian” as Ibn Warraq charged? (For a refutation of Ibn Warraq’s fanciful book see Why I am not a Muslim).

If, as noted in the quote, the Romans and the Byzantines of old and the Crusades murderous rampage were “unfit as evidence against Christianity” as the Christian missionaries claimed, then the Gospels are to be labeled “unfit.” For these soldiers of Christ were only following Jesus’ decree that those who are not with him are against him (and thus are his enemies; and a person can be neutral) and to slay enemies who do not want him to rule (though these “enemies” might not militate against him):

If these two absurdities of Christianity were to be implemented some five billion people (who do not accept Jesus as Divine and vicarious atoner) would have to be butchered. The only reason the Church does not swing the steel blade is because she holds no sway in the land. The Church has always been an enemy to knowledge and to the “other.” (See Christianity-enemy to knowledge).
Non-Christians (and even some Christians) need to go down on their hands and knees and foreheads and thank God that Christianity is not lording their land or any other land. 

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Nonie Darwish wrote in her book Cruel and Usual Punishment: “The driving force behind Sharia is jihad, asserting the supremacy of Arabia, the never-ending restless expansion and enforcement of Islam worldwide.” (p. 127).

   Response: The Divine institution of the noble jihad is not about “asserting the supremacy of Arabia,” or of anyone. Jihad is the striving in the cause of justice. The least of this striving is the armed struggle. In fact, every honest individual is to be engaged in this jihad. The Prophet’s (and Muslims’) duty is to only teach the Qur’anic Message not enforce it. Islam does not need force to propagate its teachings: Islam, in contrast to Christianity and other religions, is blessed with the Divine allure of reason. And, in the words of Khwaja Kamal-ud-Din: “Compulsion is of no avail when logic begins to rule the world.”

Shari’ah liberated woman from the bog of degradation and humiliation in which Judaism and Christianity had her mired and given her rights that leave her nothing for which to strive. It is Christianity with her millions of missionaries that is on a “never-ending restless expansion” in the world.

Nonie Darwish also states: “the colonial period of Muslims, as when Muslims colonized Spain for eight hundred years, is viewed not as a source of guilt but as source of pride.” (Ibid. p. 207) 

   Response: Darn right! Muslims presence in Spain was a “source of pride” In fact, Muslims presence in the world1 is a “source of pride.” Here is what Encyclopaedia Britannica records (that after Muslims vanquished the Visigoths from Spain in 711):

“Thus began several centuries of Moorish dominion, which made medieval Spain a place of HIGH CULTURE, WITH A WIDE ARRAY OF SCIENTISTS, PHILOSOPHERS, WRITERS, AND ENGINEERS WHO IMPROVED THE LAND AND REBUILT THE CITIES.”2

   Muslims presence in Spain was not only a “source for pride,” but one of benevolence: “Muslim Universities opened their doors in Baghdad in the days of Nizam-ul-Mulk, and in Granada in the days of Abdul Rahman to students without distinction, caste, colour or creed, where they were looked after, boarded and lodged at the public expense.”3

   Islam not only gave light/knowledge to the world but in opening their universities “to students without distinction, caste, colour or creed, where they were looked after, boarded and lodged at the public expense,” Islam gave to the world honor and dignity.

   Notably, Christopher Columbus first saw the globe of the world at Muslim Spain. As Khwaja Kamal-ud-Din points out in his Open Letters to the Bishops of Salisbury & London: “It was to the Muslim universities in Spain that Columbus learned that the earth was a spheroid, for one of the Muslim educational appliances was the globe.” (p. 48)

   In contrast to “Western European countries” that “colonized” to, as its history attest, subdue, subjugate and sack –as in sacking the Congo of its vast riches; and even vilely holding magnificent African women naked and chained at the necks4 – Islam does not “colonize;” Islam illuminates/edifies.

   Further, when Christians booted Muslims from Spain, the Christian blight turned the observatory into a bland belfry, made a mosque into a stable, and demolished all the public bath houses –to which one commentator notes that cleanliness had not yet come to Christianity.

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NOTES
1. Here are some Muslim contributions to humanity.

Abul Hasan invented the Telescope.
-Ibn Yunus, a “genius in science,” invented the Pendulum.
-Kutubi made the first watch.
-Muslims invented the mariner’s compass.
Mir Fatehullah Khan invented the gun and gunpowder(contrary to popular belief that the Chinese invented gunpowder).
-Ibn al-Hashem invented photography
Muhammad Musa, invented the “Astrolabe” (instrument for measuring the earth)
-Arab chemists were the first to manufacture soap.
Al-Masudi In his celebrated work The Meadows of Gold, he has described an earthquake, and the first windmill which was also invented by a Muslim.   –Jabir Ibn Afiah, a mathematician, constructed the first observatory in Europe (in Spain).
-Muslims developed the Algebra of the Greeks to higher applications. Invented “Spherical trigonometry,”  and “the “tangent,” etc.  Invented the invaluable “zero.”

-“Razi (Rhazes), Ibn Sina (Avicenna), and Abu Ali al-Hasan (Alhazen) were the greatest medical scholars of mediaeval times. Al-Razi was the inventor of “Seton” in Surgery and the author of Al-Judari wal Hasbak, an authentic book dealing with measles and small pox;” this book “is one of the most authentic books on the subject even to the present day. It was translated into Latin and other European languages and was published more than forty times between 1498 and 1866 A.D. It contains detailed information regarding the treatment of postules. The greatest achievement of Al-Razi in the realm of medical science is his celebrated work Al-Hawi (Latin Continens) the most comprehensive encyclopaedia of medicine ever written by a medical man, which runs into 20 volumes. This book was translated into Latin by the Sicilian Jewish physician, Faraj Ibn Salim, on the order of Charles I, King of Sicily, and named Continens. “Its influence on European medicine was thus very considerable,” says Max Meyerhof. Al-Razi has also contributed to gynecology, obstetrics, ophthalmology and has written valuable treatise on the treatment of some common diseases in the East including stones in the bladder and kidneys. He was also an eminent surgeon and is the inventor of ‘Seton’ in surgery. He settled in Baghdad where he founded a hospital named Bimaristan. He selected its site by hanging pieces of raw meat in various localities and choosing the spot where they showed least signs of putrefaction.

-“Abu Ali Al-Husain-al-Sina, known as Avicenna in the west was one of the greatest intellectuals of the Islamic world.” “His gigantic work AlQanun-Fil-Tib known as Canon in Latin is the culmination and masterpiece of Arab systematisation. It is a medical encyclopaedia dealing with 760 drugs, as well as with general medicine, simple drugs, and diseases affecting all parts of the body. It is particularly concerned with Pathology and Pharmacopoeia and was translated into Latin in the 12th century by Gerard of Cremona. The popularity of this excellent book may be gauged by the fact that during the last 30 years of the 15th century it was printed 16 times and in the 16th century 20 times in various European languages. Publications including sections from this work as well as commentaries on it in various languages of both the east and West are innumerable. According to a celebrated western writer, “Probably no medical work ever written has been so much studied….Hence his influence on European medicine has been overwhelming.”‘ Sir Jadu Nath Sircar, the celebrated Indian Historian pays eloquent tribute to Ibn Sina when he says, “Avicenna was the greatest intellectual giant of the middle ages.”” He discovered the spreading of disease through water. Avicenna was responsible for elevating Islamic medicine to its zenith, and his portrait as well as that of AI-Razi still adorns the grand Hall of the Faculty of Medicine in the University of Paris.

-“Muslims have made a lasting contribution to the development of Medical Science. Razi (Rhazes), Ibn Sina (Avicenna), and Abu Ali al-Hasan (Alhazen) were the greatest medical scholars of mediaeval times. Al-Razi was the inventor of “Seton” in Surgery and the author of Al-Judari wal Hasbak, an authentic book dealing with measles and small pox.” “Alhazen was the world’s greatest authority on “optics”. The contagious character of the plague and its remedies were discovered by Ibn Katina, a Moorish Physician.

Jabir known as the father of Arabic alchemy was a mystic and was known as ‘Ceber’ in mediaeval Latin literature.” “Sir Thomas Arnold pays eloquent tribute to this great Muslim scientist when he says, “At the very dawn stands the figure of a Muslim whose shadow lies athwart the science of the middle ages in the orient as in the Occident.”

-“Ali Ibn Al-Abbas-al-Majusi known in the west as Haly Abbas, who died in 994 A. D., was the author of a celebrated work Kitab-al-Maliki known as Liber Regius in Latin, an excellent and compact encyclopaedia dealing with both the theory and practice of medical science. It is less voluminous than Al-Razi’s Hawi and it remained a standard book until it was superseded by the Canon the masterpiece of the great Avicenna. Perhaps Majusi was the first physician to write about the capillary system and to describe accurately the way in which a child is born.

Abu-Al-Jarrah-Al-Zahrawi known in Latin as Abul Casis was a great surgeon who wrote AE-Tasrif containing 30 sections, the last of which deals with surgery.” “Al-Tasrif is fully illustrated with sketches of surgical instruments and it profoundly contributed to the development of surgery both in the East and the West. It was translated into several European languages and the famous French surgeon Guy de Chauliac benefitted from one of its Latin translations. Stanley Lane Poole in his celebrated work The Moors in Spain pays eloquent tribute to the part played by Spanish Muslims in the awakening of the West, when he says, “Every branch of science was seriously studied there, and medicine received more and greater additions by the discoveries of the doctors and surgeons of Andalusia than it had gained during all the centuries that had elapsed since the days of Galen.”‘

-“Ali Ibn Isa of Baghdad known in Latin as Jesu Occulist has written an excellent treatise on ophthalmology, a branch of medicine dealing with eye diseases. It was translated into Latin and was considered the authoritative work on eye diseases in Europe till the middle of the 18th century.

-“Abu Ali al-Hasan (965-1020 A.D.) known as Alhazen in the west is recognised as the greatest authority on optics the world produced.” “He has made valuable contributions to the development of physics and medicine, but his outstanding achievement is in the realm of optics. He has corrected the theories of Euclid and Ptolemy on the subject. His Opticae Thesaurus influenced such great writers on optics as Roger Bacon, Leonard da Vinci, John Kepler and all mediaeval western writers, who base their works on the research of Alhazen. The two greatest luminaries of the Islamic world Ibn Sina and Al-Beruni shared and fully endorsed Alhazen’s opinion that, ‘It is not the ray that leaves the eye and meets the object that gives rise to vision. Rather the form of the perceived object passes into the eye and is transmitted by its transparent body.

-“Ibn Rushd known as Averroes in the west who died in 1198 in Morocco is the greatest Aristotelian philosopher, He is the author of 16 medical works of which one Kulliyat Fil Tib dealing with general rules of medicine was translated into Latin as Colliget. It was printed several times in Europe. Averroes is one of the most outstanding literary figures that Islamic Spain has produced and he was instrumental in clearing away the darkness of illiteracy that had enveloped Europe.” (Averroes, Avicenna, Alhazen, Saladin –Salahuddin Ayyube, the majestic liberator of Jerusalem– don’t you just adore the way the West/ Christians adulterate the names of Muslims, just like they adulterate their “Book of God.” Perhaps by adulterating the names of Muslims they are trying to obliterate or obfuscate the truth that these benefactors of humanity are Muslims).

-“Ibn Katina, the Moorish physician who died in 1369 A.D. is the author of excellent book on the plague. A severe plague which ravaged Alemaria in Spain in 1348-49 A.D. caused the celebrated physician to write a treatise on the plague which was superior to all earlier works on the subject. This book was edited and translated in Europe in the 15th century A.D. and revealed the contagious character of the plague and its remedies which were not known to Greek physicians.

-“The study of medicine in Europe began at Salerno (Sicily) where Constantine the African, a disciple of an Arab Physician organised the first medical school. The medical school of Montpellier soon followed suit, which was founded on the pattern of Cordova under the guidance of Jewish doctors. Other schools on the same lines were opened at Pisa and later at Padua (Italy) where Canon of Avicenna and the Surgery of Abul Qasim remained until the 17th century the text books of medical science throughout Europe. Robert Briffault writes, “The Pharmacopoeia created by the Arabs is virtually that which but for the recent- Synthetic and organotherapic–Apic preparations, is in use at the present day; our common drugs, such as nux vomica, Senna, Rknbarb, aconite, gention, myrrh, calomel and structure of our prescriptions, belong to the Arabic medicine.” (The material on Muslims contribution to mankind is voluminous. Just “Google” The Islamic Scholar, or Muslims contribution to the world, or Muslims contribution to Science, or Muslims contribution to Medicine, from where I gleaned my information).

In contrast, as her history attests, and as already shown, the Christian “blight” trashed everything science and progress. And when they booted Muslims out of Spain, they turned the astronomer’s observatory built by Jabir Ibn Afiah into a belfry and made a Mosque into a horse stable; the Christian “blight” also demolished the public bathhouses Muslims had erected –fifteen hundred years after Christ ‘cleanliness had not yet come to Christianity’ in the words of one narrator (quoted from memory). Though Christianity is still mired in spiritual uncleanness –attributing injustice to God (that he put Adam’s/Eve’s sin onto all humans and even from the womb and then putting every man’s sin onto Jesus); making God complicit in murder (that He sent one man, and an innocent one, to be killed for everybody’s sin and not even some human government kill the innocent for the guilty); gave the Eternal God a son; trumpeted that the Omniscient God/son of God needs to eat “butter and honey” so “he may know to refuse the evil, and choose the good,” and, what must be the “mother” of all blasphemies, the Christian culled God into a sperm (and whose?) and confined Him into the womb of a woman He created and drew Him out her vagina (and called her Mother of God”), have Him nursed her paps, and circumcised Him, to make Him scapegoat for the sins of the world (denying God’s Supreme and Majestic qualities of mercy and grace, to forgive without need for some “satisfaction”).

2. Ency. Brit. 15th Edn. Vol. IX, Spain, history of, p. 395. Emphasis added..

3. Khwaja Kamal-ud-Din, Open Letters To The Bishops of Salisbury & London, pp. 142-143.

4.. A.J.P. Taylor, J.M. Roberts, Alan Bullock, 20TH. Century, p. 4.

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