Christians of Najran & Prophet Mohammad

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In the name of Allāh,
the Beneficent, the Merciful.
Peace and Blessings of Allāh on Mohammad.
DEDICATED TO
Allāh–the Glorious and the High,
Lord of the worlds
AND TO
Mohammad–who brought the world
to our feet and eternity to our arms.
*

CHRISTIANS OF NAJRAN
& PROPHET MOHAMMAD

In the tenth year of the Hijrah, the Prophet Mohammad had a discussion with the Christians of Najran. This dialogue is noted by Khwaja Nazir Ahmad in his book Jesus in Heaven on Earth, (pp. 174-176, this book may be obtained from www.muslim.org). -(For clarity, the footnotes to this narrative are omitted):-

   “The last objection of the Christians is that the Holy Qur’an cites the case of Adam as a parallel to that of Jesus; therefore Jesus, like Adam, was without a father. They urge that Jesus was created, like Adam, by a Divine Command: kun fa yakoon.
   In this connection Christian critics of Islam refer to the following Qur’anic verse:

Surely the likeness of Jesus is with Allah as the likeness of Adam; He created him from dust, then said to him, Be, and he was. (This is) the truth from your Lord, so be not of the disputers-(Qur’an 3:58-59).

   All commentators of the Holy Qur’an, ancient and modern, agree that these verses, along with some others, were revealed when the Holy Prophet was having a discussion with the Christians of Najran in the tenth year of the Hijra. This deputation consisted of sixty men and was headed by Abdul Masih, the chief of the Christians of Najran.
   The discussion took place in the Mosque of the Holy Prophet where the visitors had been lodged and permitted to hold their own prayers. In Sirat-ul-Halabi the visit of this deputation is described in full detail. The point at issue was the divinity of Jesus.
   “Abdul Masih, the leader of the Christians, opened the discussion and enquired from the Holy Prophet: (*The plural pronoun “They” was used throughout to indicate that Abdul Masih was speaking on behalf of himself and his companions).

     They* said:   What do you think of our Lord (Sahib)
     The Messenger of God enquired:  “Who is your Lord?”
     They replied:   Isa. Do you take him to be a servant of God?
     The Messenger of God said:   “Yes.”

     They then asked:   “Have you seen anyone like him, or have you been informed of a man like him? He is God because he had no father, he raised the dead, he gave information of the unseen, he cured lepers and made birds from clay. Consider this superi-ority. Do you still call him a servant of God?” 
   The Holy Prophet did not answer at once for at that very moment came the Divine revelation and one of the verses revealed was:

Surely the likeness of Jesus is with Allah as the likeness of Adam; He created him from dust, then said, Be, and he was. (Qur’an 3:59)

   It may be noticed that the verse does not say that the creation of Jesus was like that of Adam. I now quote the discussion from Tafsir Ibn Jarir at-Tabari where it is recorded in full detail under this very verse:   

     They questioned:   “Who was his father?”
    The Messenger of God replied: “Don’t you know that no child is born but has a likeness to its father in form and appearance?”
     They said:   “Yes, we know.”

    The Messenger of God said:   “Don’t you know that our God is alive and will never die and Jesus had to die?”
The
y said:   “Yes, we know.”

    The Messenger of God said:   “Don’t you know that our God is One to Whom everything submits. He is the Custodian and Guardian of all and He gives sustenance to everyone?”
     They replied:   “Yes, we know.”

  The Messenger of God questioned:   “Was Jesus possessed of any of these powers?”
     They replied:   “No.”

     The Messenger of God then asked:   “Did Jesus know of any of these things except those of which God gave him knowledge?”
     They answered:   “No.”

   The Messenger of God said:   “Don’t you know that our God neither eats, nor drinks, nor does He answer the calls of nature?”
     They said:   “Yes, we know.”

   Then said the Messenger of God: “Don’t you know that Jesus was conceived by a woman just as any other woman conceives a child, then she gave birth to him like every other woman gives birth to a child, he was then reared up like other children, then he used to eat and drink and answer the calls of nature like other human beings?”
    They said:   “Yes, we know.”

  The Messenger of God then enquired: “How can Messiah be the One you take him to be (i.e. God)?

   Rabi narrates that the Christians could not reply to this question, but would not agree either and insisted on their false belief. As a last resort the Holy Prophet invited them in the terms of the revelation:

But whoever disputes with you in this matter after what has come to you of knowledge, then say: Come! let us call our sons and your sons and our women and your women, and our people and your people, then let us be earnest in prayer and pray for the curse of Allah on the liars. (Qur’an 3:61)

   The Christians wanted time to consider the challenge and on the next day Abdul Masih and two of his companions informed the Holy Prophet that they had decided not to accept it, and that they would not pray against him nor invite him to pray against them. Thereupon an agreement was entered into whereby they were made free to practise their religion.”                              

This is a guideline for Muslims in their religions dispute with Christians: to pray for the “curse of Allāh, God, on the liars”.
   (Trinitarian) Christians are to pray:
“I (we) bear witness that Jesus is God and one in a Trinity God confined Himself in the womb of Mary, a woman whom He created, lived in her womb for nine months; nourishing on her liquid through a navel and cord; He emerged from her vagina, nursed from her breast and was circumcised; He ate, drank and answered the calls of nature and Jesus is  also the son of God as fatherhood requires the union of sperm and ovum and mankind inherited sin from Adam/Eve, and God sent Jesus to die for the sins of the world: this is the absolute truth; if this is not the absolute truth I (we) pray for the curse of God on me (us), for eternal punishment, without forgiveness, ever.

(Non-Trinitarian) Christians are to pray:
“I (we) bear witness that Jesus is the son of God as fatherhood requires the act of procreating, God implanted His seed in Mary, thus making Jesus the son of God and mankind inherited sin from Adam/Eve, and God sent Jesus to die for the sins of the world: this is the absolute truth; if this is not the absolute truth I (we) pray for the curse of God on me (us) for eternal punishment, without forgiveness, ever.

Muslims are to pray:
“I (we) bear witness that there is no God but Allāh; He is the One and Only; The Eternal, Absolute; He has no partner or associate; He begets not nor is He begotten; and there is none like Him; Jesus is no more than a messenger of Allāh–this is the absolute truth; if this is not the absolute truth I (we) pray for the curse of Allāh, God, on me (us), for eternal punishment, without forgiveness, ever.

“Glory be to Him (Allāh, God),
and highly exalted is He
above what they ascribe (to Him)”
“Say: He, Allah, is One.
Allah is He on Whom all depend.
He begets not, nor is He begotten,
And none is like Him”
(Qur’an 6:101; 112:1-4).
*

Regarding this discussion of the Prophet with the Christians of Najran, Muhammad Ali notes:

“This chapter starts with a discussion of the Christian doctrines in particular. The persons addressed in particular in this verse are the members of the Christian deputation from Najran that came in 10 A.H. This deputation, consisting of sixty men, was headed by ‘Abd al-Masih, the chief of the Najran Christians (AH), and the members of the deputation were lodged in the Prophet’s mosque. Thus did the Prophet set an example of freedom of religious thought which remains without parallel to this day. The Prophet related to them arguments showing that Jesus Christ was not God, but a man and a prophet (see concluding paragraph of note 422). After having argued the question fully, and finding them still insisting in their false belief in the deity of Jesus, they were invited as a last resort to pray earnestly that the curse of Allāh might overtake the party that insisted on falsehood. At first they showed readiness to enter this contest, but after some deliberation they decided against it and told the Prophet that they had decided not to pray against him as suggested (B. 64:74). Thereupon they were given a pledge by which they were free to practise their religion: “Their authority and rights shall not be interfered with, nor anything that is customary amongst them, so long as they conduct themselves peaceably and uprightly” (Muir).
   It is strange to find Christian writers referring to this as “a strange mode of settling the dispute.” But evidently their Arabian co-religionists did not think so 1,300 years ago. They believed in the efficacy of prayer, for such was the teaching of Jesus. They saw the righteousness of the Prophet, and they were convinced of their own false beliefs and dared not invoke curses upon themselves with their own tongues, while they knew that the Prophet was too generous to curse them. Therefore they adopted the wise course of not calling for destruction to overtake them. Had they considered the Prophet as an impostor and Antichrist, as their descendants do today, they would not have had the least fear in accepting the challenge.” (Color added). (Muhammad Ali’s translation of the Qur’an with text, notes, and commentaries can be viewed online: www.muslim.org.

Notably: Regarding the above verse “Come, let us call our sons and your sons, our women and your women, ourselves and yourselves – then we pray and invoke (sincerely) the Curse of Allah upon those who lie.”
While this verse invites the Christians to invoke Allah’s curse upon anyone who was lying, it does not invoke this curse upon the Christians’ innocent family.
As noted in the discussion with the Prophet, the Christian leader was speaking on behalf of the entire delegation. (Which is even done in modern societies).
As Islam holds only those of mature intellect to be capable of rendering decision–(Qur’an 4:6; Abu Dawud Vol. 3, #’s 4384-4389), it is obvious that these sons and women would be mature. And as they have joined with their menfolk to whom they assign leadership to speak on their behalf of the faith they have chosen to follow, thus, the decision/prayer of their leader is binding on them as if they themselves have spoken/prayed on their behalf.
Thus, these partaking women and sons do not “suffer for a lie” their leaders uttered, they are/were fully cognizant of the topic under discussion.
If the leaders include immature family members in their group these immature ones would not be held responsible for the action(s) of their leaders, as per the teaching of Islam as noted.
The Qur’an nowhere accepts that people are suffering because of Adam’s sin and that persons do bear the burdens of others (except those who knowingly lead others astray).
Neither does the Bible –God or Jesus– teach these heinous doctrines of original/inherited sin and vicarious atonement.

That Jesus is not God see Jesus as God; Jesus & God are one; Jesus-Alpha & Omega
As proven, whereas Islam is superior to all other religions, Judaism, Sikhism and Hinduism are superior to Christianity and Jesus was a Muslim and taught Islam.
Christians also claim the Qur’an/Allāh God says for Muslims to ask/seek guidance from the Gospel/Christians, see Allāh says follow Gospels–a dilemma for Muslims

                                                     *

The Christian’s God and son of God, Jesus, says: “He that believeth and is baptized shall be saved…and IF THEY DRINK ANY DEADLY THING, IT SHALL NOT HURT THEM…”–(Mark 16:16-18). Would Christians like to drink a “deadly” thing?
   Christians claim that the Bible is “all” “Word of God” and that Jesus is the Son of God. If Christians believe in their “Word of God” and Son of God they will have no reluctance or hesitancy to drink this “deadly thing.” Surely to demonstrate their “Word of God” and trust in their “Son of God” and God is the highest of “moral standards.” Don’t Christians trust their God and son of God? 
   It is scandalous that Jehovah’s Witnesses and other Christians are not clamoring to honor this “truth” of Jesus. After all, if this “deadly thing” does not hurt them they can boast that Jesus spoke the truth. And if they die, well, they will get to sit with Jesus sooner “on the right hand of God”–(Mark 16:19).      

*

  I have had the odd Christian tell me that Mohammad was a fraud/impostor. I would invite them to the challenge that if you can prove that Mohammad was a fraud/impostor I will become a Christian on the spot no questions asked, no ifs ands or buts. But if you cannot prove that Mohammad was a fraud –and for sure you cannot prove that Mohammad was a fraud– then you will become a Muslim on the spot no questions asked, no ifs ands or buts. Put your dignity where your mouth is! So far I have had no takers. This invitation is open to any and to all Christians and to anyone and everyone else who claim that Mohammad was a fraud/impostor).
Whereas Jesus was a prophet of God (and was honorable as prophets of God are) as Allāh revealed in His Qur’an, according to the Bible Jesus was a hypocrite a liar and a fraud. (See
Christianity-lies, evil, hate).
                                                       *

The Divine truth is Jesus was a MUSLIM –one who submits to the “will” of God– and he taught ISLAM –submission to the “will” of God:
Jesus declares he is a MUSLIM

    -“My meat is to do the will of HIM (God)that sent me and to finish HIS work;”
   -“I seek NOT MY OWN WILL, but the WILL OF THE FATHER…If I bear witness of myself, my witness is NOT TRUE;” 
   -“I came…not to do mine own will, BUT THE WILL OF HIM THAT SENT ME;
   -“My doctrine is not mine, BUT HIS THAT SENT ME;” 
  -“HE (God) gave me a commandment, WHAT I SHOULD SAY, AND WHAT I SHOULD SPEAK” (John 4:34; 5:30-31; 6:38; 7:16; 12:49.
   -“I have glorified thee on the earth: I HAVE FINISHED THE WORK WHICH THOU GAVEST ME TO DO’–(John 17:4. If Jesus had come to die for the sins of the world, he could not have said that his work was finished).
 
-“I have manifested thy name unto the men (the Jews) which THOU GAVEST ME out of the world”–(John 17:6. If Jesus was sent to the world he could not have been given some men “out of the world”: he would have been given all men of the world). If Jesus was God or Son of God, the Christian’s God and Son of God is/was a MUSLIM.
Jesus taught ISL:AM
        -“The scribes and the Pharisees sit in Moses’ seat: ALL therefore WHATSOEVER they bid you observe, that OBSERVE AND DO;”
  -“if thou wilt enter into life, KEEP THE COMMANDMENTS  (brought by Moses); 
    -“except your RIGHTEOUSNESS shall exceed the righteousness of the scribes and Pharisees, YE SHALL IN NO CASE ENTER INTO THE KINGDOM OF HEAVEN” –(Matthew 23:2-3; 19:17-18; 5:20). And the Mosaic law does not teach inherited sin and vicarious atonement). Since following the Mosaic law is what is required to get into heaven THERE IS NO NEED FOR JESUS! Jesus is-redundant no ransom
    –“And I will pray the Father, and he shall give you another Comforter, that he may abide with you forever;” “When he, the Spirit of truth (the Comforter), is come, he will guide you into ALL TRUTH” –(John 14:15-16; 16:13). And this Comforter as Prof. Abdul Ahad Dawud –the former Reverend David Benjamin Keldani– has shown in his revealing book Muhammad in the Bible is the Prophet Mohammad. Mohammad abides “for ever” through the Qur’an.
   Since the Comforter will replace the Mosaic Law because he will guide into “ALL TRUTH” and will abide “FOREVER,” then, being devoid of “all truth” and perpetuity, the Bible is obsolete.
   Since the Comforter will replace the Mosaic law because he will guide into “ALL TRUTH” and will abide “FOREVER,” THERE IS NO NEED FOR JESUS! Jesus is-redundant!
   There is no wisdom in following a man who has not given “all truth.” Mohammad, the Comforter, has given us “all truth” –all that we need for our moral, social, intellectual, and spiritual upliftment are in the Qur’an which is to abide “FOREVER” to the Resurrection; the Qur’an consists of, exceeds, and supersedes all Scriptures. Christians can reject Mohammad, Christians cannot refute Mohammad’s claim to Divine Messengership.
Even if Mohammad was not the Comforter, Jesus and the Mosaic Law would still be REDUNDANT and the Bible 
obsolete at the coming of the Comforter with “all Truth” who will “abide FOREVER.”
And if we follow the Comforter and attain eternal life in Paradise THERE IS NO NEED FOR A 
second coming OF JESUS. (Even in his alleged 1,000 years reign of his alleged second coming Jesus and the Mosaic law would be REDUNDANT and the Bible obsolete as the “ANOTHER angel” with the “EVERLASTING Gospel” would rule–Revelation 14:6).
And since the Christian’s God and son of God, Jesus, says that heaven lies in faith (observance of the law) and good works (righteousness) THERE IS NO NEED FOR 
inherited sin AND VICARIOUS ATONEMENT!

   Jesus says you shall know the truth, and the truth shall set you free (from lies, falsehood, and blasphemy). And the Divine truth is, Jesus was a prophet of God sent only for Jews and to foretell the coming of the Comforter (Mohammad) who will guide into “all truth” and will “abide forever” and whom all are to follow; and
                       “THERE IS NO GOD BUT ALLĀH;
          MOHAMMAD IS THE MESSENGER OF ALLĀH!”
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