In the name of Allāh,
the Beneficent, the Merciful.
Peace and Blessings of Allāh on Mohammad.
Allāh–the Glorious and the High,
Lord of the worlds
Mohammad–who brought the world
to our feet and eternity to our arms.
1. In His Qur’an 9:5 Allāh instructs: “So when the sacred months have passed, slay the idolaters, wherever you find them, and take them captive and besiege them and lie in wait for them in every ambush. But if they repent and keep up prayer and pay the poor-rate, leave their way free. Surely Allah is Forgiving, Merciful.”
This is what America and others have done/are doing to their “enemies,” pursuing them all the way across the globe in Iraq, Afghanistan, Pakistan, and Yemen and “droning” them to shreds. Even though Iraq and the Talibans did not transgress against America and others; not to mention the thousands of innocents that are/were obliterated in their pursuit of the “enemies.” Compared to Mohammad whose avowed enemies were on his own soil and engaged in battle against him.
To understand Qur’an 9:5 we need to read from verse 1. Here are verses 1-5: “(1) A declaration of immunity from Allāh and His Messenger to those of the idolaters with whom you made an agreement…(3) And announce painful chastisement to those who disbelieve —(4)Except those of the idolaters with whom you made an agreement, then they have not failed you in anything and have not backed up anyone against you; so fulfil their agreement to the end of their term. Surely Allāh loves those who keep their duty. (5) So when the sacred months have passed, slay the idolaters, wherever you find them, and take them captive and besiege them and lie in wait for them in every ambush. But if they repent and keep up prayer and pay the poor-rate, leave their way free. Surely Allāh is Forgiving, Merciful.” Muhammad Ali comments on verse 5 (the verse under discussion):
“The clear exception of the last verse (i.e. verse 4) shows that by the idolaters here are meant, not all idolaters or polytheists wherever they may be found in the world, not even all idolaters of Arabia, but only those idolatrous tribes of Arabia assembled at the pilgrimage who had first made agreements with the Muslims and then violated them. The exception here has given rise to much misconception. It is thought that it offers to the disbelievers the alternative of the sword or the Qur’an. Nothing is farther from the truth. The injunction contained in the first part of the verse establishes the fact that the whole verse relates to certain idolatrous Arab tribes who had broken their engagements with the Muslims, and who had now been apprised of a similar repudiation by the Muslims. The order to kill them and to make them prisoners and to besiege them and ambush them amounts clearly to an order to fight against them, as it is in war only that all these things are made lawful. They had so often broken their word that they could no more be trusted. Yet, if they joined the brotherhood of Islam, and there was an absolute change in their condition, the punishment which they otherwise deserved could be remitted. It was a case of forgiving a guilty people who had repented. It should also be noted that a mere confession of the faith is not required; what is required is an absolute change, so that the old crimes are all abandoned. Therefore, along with the confession of the faith, it is required that they should keep up prayer and pay the poor-rate. The subject is further clarified in the next verse and the following section.” And the next verse (9:6) states: “And if anyone of the idolaters seek thy protection, protect him till he hears the word of Allah, then convey him to his place of safety. This is because they are a people who know not.” And M.A. notes: “This verse leaves no doubt that the Prophet was never ordered to kill anyone on account of his religion. “You shall give him a safe conduct that he may return home again securely in case he shall not think fit to embrace Muhammadanism” (Sale).”
In contrast, it is the Bible that requires the killing of those who worship unknown Gods and the apostate; and even to kill a “stubborn and rebellious son” and the blasphemer–(Deut; 13:5-16; 17:2-5; 21:18-21; Lev. 24:11-16, 23).
The Christian’s God (and as Christians say Jesus is God Jesus) even had mischievous children eaten by bears and He sent beasts and poisonous serpents against Jeshurun’s unGodly children–(Deut. 32:15:25; 2 Kings 2:22-24).
2. In His Qur’an 9:29 Allāh instructs: “Fight those who believe not in Allāh, nor in the Last Day, nor forbid that which Allāh and His Messenger have forbidden, Nor follow the Religion of Truth, out of those who have been given the Book, until they pay the tax in acknowledgment of superiority and they are in a state of subjection.”
This verse is not about forcing Islam onto others. Islam does not force religion onto anyone–(Qur’an 2:256; 6:105-109; 9:6; 10:99-100; 17:7; 18:6, 29; 42:15; 50:45; 76:2-3; 109:1-6). Muhammad Ali explains Qur’an 9:29:
“this verse introduces the subject of fighting with the followers of the Book. Though the Jews had for a long time assisted the idolatrous Arabians in their struggle to uproot Islam, the great Christian power, the Roman Empire, had only just mobilized its forces for the subjection of the new religion, and the Tabuk expedition followed, which constitutes the subject-matter of a large portion of what follows in this chapter. As the object of this Christian power was simply the subjection of the Muslims, the words in which their final vanquishment by the Muslims is spoken of are different from those dealing with the final vanquishment of the idolatrous Arabians. The Qur’an neither required that the idolaters should be compelled to accept Islam, nor was it in any way its object to bring the Christians into subjection. On the other hand, the idolaters wanted to suppress Islam by the sword, and the Christians first moved themselves to bring Muslim Arabia under subjection. The fate of each was, therefore, according to what it intended for the Muslims. The word jizyah is derived from jaza, meaning he gave satisfaction, and means, according to LL, the tax that is taken from the free non-Muslim subjects of the Muslim Government whereby they ratify the compact that ensures them protection; or, according to AH, because it is a compensation for the protection which is guaranteed them, the non-Muslim subjects being free from military service.
The phrase ‘an yad-in has been explained variously. The word yad (lit., hand) stands for power or superiority, the use of the hand being the real source of the superiority of man over all other animals, and the apparent meaning of the phrase is in acknowledg-ment of your superiority in protecting their lives, etc. (AH). It may also be added that the permission to fight, as given to the Muslims, is subject to the condition that the enemy should first take up the sword, Fight in the way of Allāh against those who fight against you (2:190). The Holy Prophet never overstepped this limit, nor did his followers. He fought against the Arabs when they took up the sword to destroy the Muslims, and he led an expedition against the Christians when the Roman Empire first mobilized its forces with the object of subjugating the Muslims. And so scrupulous was he that, when he found that the enemy had not yet taken the initiative, he did not attack the Roman Empire, but returned without fighting. Later on, however, the Roman Empire, like the Persians, helped the enemies of Islam and fomented trouble against the newly established Muslim Kingdom, as a result of which both these empires came into conflict with the Muslims and, notwithstanding the fact that both the Persians and the Romans were very powerful nations with unlimited resources and strong military organizations, and that they both tried at one and the same time to subjugate Islam, the result was what is predicted here in clear words — they were both reduced to a state of subjection by an insignificant nation like the Arabs.” (Muhammad Ali’s translation of the Qur’an can be viewed online: www.muslim.org).
Jizyah; as Muhammad Ali explains:
“was a tax levied on non-Muslim subjects under the rule of Islam, so called because it was a tax for the protection of life and property which that rule guaranteed them. Muslim subjects were exempt from this tax in consideration of military service, which for them was compulsory. As a matter of fact, they too were made to pay for that protection, but in different form. They bore the hardships of a military life, they fought the country’s battles, they laid down their lives in defence of the country. Non-Muslims were exempt from all this, and in lieu of this they contributed their share in the shape of money. It is obvious which of the two alternatives is the easier. In countries where conscription is the law to-day, there would certainly be many who would be glad to buy their exemption from military service so cheaply, paying a small amount as tax. It must be remembered, furthermore, that the tax was not indiscriminately charged to every non-Muslim subject. Males under twenty and above fifty, all females, those suffering from some chronic disease, the blind and the poor were all exempt. As a matter of fact, the Muslims had also to pay a tax in addition under the name of zakaat, and this was much heavier than jizyah as it was levied at the rate of 2 1/2 percent, on all savings annually.”(The Early Caliphate, p. 41).
It is the Bible that requires the slaying of all those who do not believe in the Biblical God:
-“But Jeshurun waxed fat…then he forsook God which made him…They provoked him to jealousy with strange Gods…And when the Lord saw it, he ABHORRED THEM, because of the provoking of his SONS, and of his DAUGHTERS …They have moved me to JEALOUSY with that which is NOT God…I will spend my ARROWS upon them…I will also send the TEETH OF BEASTS upon them, with the POISON OF SERPENTS of the dust. The SWORD without, and TERROR within, shall destroy both the YOUNG MAN and the VIRGIN, the SUCKLING also with the MAN OF GRAY HAIRS”–(Deut. 32:15-25).
-“And that prophet, or that dreamer of dreams, SHALL BE PUT TO DEATH; because he hath spoken to turn you away from the Lord your God…If thy brother…entice thee secretly, saying, Let us go and serve other gods, which thou hast not known, thou, nor thy fathers…thou shalt surely KILL HIM”–(Deut; 13:5-16).
-“If there be found among you…man or woman…And hath gone and served other gods, and worshiped them, either the sun or moon, or any of the host of heaven, which I have not commanded….Then thou shalt bring forth that man or that woman…and shalt STONE THEM WITH STONES, TILL THEY DIE”–(Deut; 17:2-5).
–“When the Lord thy God shall bring thee into the land whither thou goest to possess it…thou shalt smite them, and utterly destroy them, thou shalt make no covenant with them, NOR SHEW MERCY UNTO THEM”–(Deut. 7:1-2. See Josh. 12:1-6).
-“And stay ye not, but PURSUE after your enemies, and SMITE the hindmost of them; suffer them not to enter into their cities: for the Lord your God hath delivered them into your hand;” “and Joshua called for all the men of Israel…Come near, put your feet upon the necks of these kings… And afterward Joshua smote them, and slew them, and hanged them on five trees.” “So Joshua smote all the country of the hills, and of the south, and of the vale, and of the springs, and all their kings: he left none remaining, but UTTERLY DESTROYED ALL THAT BREATHED, as the Lord God of Israel commanded…And all these kings and their land did Joshua take at one time, because the Lord God of Israel fought for Israel;” “And they UTTERLY DESTROYED ALL that was in the city, both MAN AND WOMAN, YOUNG AND OLD, AND OX, AND SHEEP, AND ASS, with the EDGE OF THE SWORD”–(Josh. 10:19, 24, 26, 40-42; 6:21. Read Josh. chs. 10-12; Num. 21:24, 35; 31:17-18; Deut. 20:16-17; 1 Sam. 15:2-3, for slaughters by Joshua, Moses, and Saul).
And Jesus, the Christian’s God and son of God. advocated that only his religion be followed: “He that is not with me is against me;” “But those mine enemies, which would not that I should reign over them, bring hither, and SLAY THEM BEFORE ME”–(Matt. 12:30; Luke 19:27).
Only the occupier, usurper, transgressor, oppressor, those dedicated to falsehood and those dedicated to living off the blood of others are terrified of the noble Jihad.