In the name of Allāh,
the Beneficent, the Merciful.
Peace and Blessings of Allāh on Mohammad.
Allāh–the Glorious and the High,
Lord of the worlds
Mohammad–who brought the world
to our feet and eternity to our arms.
ALLĀH AND EVE
Adam’s wife, Eve, is not named in the Qur’an. Does this mean woman is a “leftover;” she is subordinated to her husband; was responsible for “original sin,” as one critic claims?
(Christians also try to use this non-mention of Eve in the Qur’an to promote the Bible over the Qur’an, which we will comment on later).
There is no “original sin” in Islam.
That woman is a “leftover” from man and subordinated to her husband:
Islam does not say that “man is superior to woman,” only that man, because of him being the maintainer of the family has a degree of superiority over woman.
All governments and organizations have a “head.” Since every ship requires a captain, husbands, by virtue of them being the maintainers of their wives, are given a degree of superiority (in home affairs) over the wives: woman ahs equal rights with man–(Qur’an 2:228).
(Though he has this degree of superiority, the wise husband would follow his wife’s judgment if it is superior to his). (See Woman and man not equal).
Woman inferior to man (see Islam-women).
The Qur’an liberates woman–(2:187; 4:19-22);
-exalts her–(4:1; 9:71-72);
-gives her equality with man in financial, property, moral and spiritual matters–(4:32, 7-10, 176-177; 3:195; 33:35; 4:124; 16:97; 43:70);
-made her a garment to man and he is her garment–(2:187);
-given her rights similar to those against her–(2:228);
-made her a protector of man as he is her protector–(9:71);
-and established her as a source of peace, comfort, love and compassion–(7:189; 30: 21)
Allāh tell us:
- -He created man from a single soul and made woman from the same–(4:1; 7:189, this verse establishes that from the beginning women have equality with men). Man and woman being created from the same essence, both have the same faculties and potentials. If one develops himself/ herself and the other does not, then either may be superior to the other.
- -He has put love and compassion between them–(30:21);
- -that women are to be honored–(4:1);
- -that men and women are garments to the other (to protect, comfort, beautify, and to cover each other’s faults)–(2:187);
- -women have rights similar to those against her–(2:228);
- -woman has rights to inheritance, and full control over her earnings–(4:7, 11, 177; 4:32);
- -women have moral and spiritual equality with men–(3:194, 197; 24:30, 31, 55; 33:35; 49:13; 57:12, 18, 19);
- -that women and men are protectors of one another–(9:71).
- -that He “has created man from water, then He has made for him blood-relationship and marriage-relationship;”-(Qur’an 25:54) and marriage relationship includes sexual pleasure.
Woman is so highly enthroned in Islam that the Prophet Mohammad tells us that Paradise lies at the feet of mothers. Allāh has listed honor to parents, especially to mothers, after worship of Him–(Qur’an 6:152; 17:23; 31:14).
How then is Eve/woman a “leftover”? (For more on women, including that woman’s witness and her inheritance is half of a man’s see Islam-women).
Significantly, apart from the fact that woman has rights with man. Whereas the critics of Islam charge that Islam discriminates against women; Islam requires that:
-men give a gift to their brides even though she may be wealthier than he is
-men maintain their wives even though she may have a mountain of money
-men be circumcised and women not
-men shave their heads at the Hajj and women not.
Yet no critic of Islam has charged that Islam discriminates against men; or that Islam teaches hatred of men; or that Islam favors women over men; or that these are symbols of men’s subservience to women.
Notably, whereas Allāh reveals in His Qur’an 2:228 that women have rights similar to those against her He did not say that men have rights similar as those against him; thus, arguably, women would seem to have more rights on men than men have on women.
Allah is a Just God. He will not discriminate against Woman because of her form and physiology –a form and physiology of which she had no choice; a form and physiology He gave her.
In fact, if form and physiology is the measure of superiority, Woman is superior to Man –she having carried man, gave birth to him and nursed him. Three degrees of excellence and superiority that Man have yet to acquire.
Women even have a fourth degree of excellence over men–cloning! Whereas the male sperm can be dispensed with in duplicating the being, the female’s ovum is necessary to develop the clone.
How then is woman a “leftover” and subordinated to her husband?
As stated, Christians also try to use this non-mention of Eve’s name in the Qur’an to claim that the Bible is superior to the Qur’an as the Bible mentions the names of women, viz; Sarah, Tamarr, Rehab, Ruth and Esther.
However, in contrast to the Qur’an which shows that “Eve” (and Adam were both deceived by Satan and were forgiven by Allāh for eating of the forbidden tree) the Bible condemns Eve, and all women, to a life of labor pains and subjection to their husbands–(Genesis 3:16).
Significantly, it is NOT God who gave the name “Eve” to Adams’ wife; it was Adam who gave his wife this name: “And ADAM CALLED HIS WIFE’S NAME EVE because she was the mother of all living”–(Genesis 3:20).
Incidentally, Eve could not be the mother of “all living;” considering there were, at least, people living in Nod to whom Cain went and took a wife: (After killing his brother, Abel)
“Cain went out of the presence of the Lord, and dwelt in the land of Nod, on the east of Eden. And Cain knew his wife; and she conceived, and bare Enoch”–(Genesis 4:16-17. For more on this see Christianity-man made to live forever).